Benin Empire

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by phillyj
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
African-American History
Grade:
10

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Benin Empire

Settled by the Edo people the first ruler of the Benin Empire was Oba Ewuare. The Kingdom flourished due to Military expansion, private commercial activities, economy boom, and art flourished. The Kingdom was conquered by the British in 1897.

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Ewuare the Great establish the Benin empire around 1440. Known as a great warrior and a magician he expanded the Benin Empire. He was Benin best king and introduced monarchy to the kingdom. He rebuilt Benin City and made it the capital. He conquerd over 200 villages in southern Nigeria. When he died in 1473 his son Ozula the conquerer took the thrown. Oba Ewuare royal family line lasted until the 16th century.

Economics

Benin Empire1440-1897

Oba Ewuare

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Religion

They're religion is based off of pagean rituals, human sacrifices, ceremonial feast, and voodoo practices. According to Benin folk tale the Benin Empire location is the cradle of the world. Osanobua who is refered as the supreme god gave this land to his youngest son.

How did the kingdom make money?*Farming was the main economic activity. The kingdom encourage large families to provided effective workforce they also produced cloth,they grew cotton and they weaved.*What kinds of products did the kingdom produce and/or trade?Benin traded with the Medditerianin for at least 1500 years. Copper bracelets were currency of benin also cowrie shells. Ivory and peppers were also traded.

Benin was well known for famous artifacts made of Iron,bronze and ivory. They made ivory mass,religious objects,ceremonial objects and brass plaques.

Settled by the Edo people the first ruler of the Benin Empire was Oba Ewuare. The Kingdom flourished due to Military expansion, private commercial activities, economy boom, and art flourished. The Kingdom was conquered by the British in 1897.

Decline and Fall

In 1700 the kingdom began to decline. King Oba Osemwede never had a son so after his death in 1850 his daughters fought over control of the empire. The Gallway Treaty in 1892 further weaken the empire because it gave Britian control of who they traded with. In 1897 eight british representatives were killed cause war against Britian. Britian looted then burned down Benin City.

Economy

Benin Empire

The Great Wall of Benin was the longest man-made structure in West Africa.


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