Belief Systems Project- Confucianism

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by ShamyraThomas
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Religious Studies
Grade:
9,10,11,12

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Belief Systems Project- Confucianism

Basic Beliefs, Virtues, and Qualities :

http://www.quotationspage.com/quotes/Confucius/

A look into Confucianism "Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in getting up every time we do."- Confucius

Big Rituals and Ceremonies :

Daily Pratices and Methods to live by :

Influencial Event that sparked the creation of Confucianiam :

Cultural Diffusion :

Missionary Work :

The influential event that ignited the belief system founded by Kong Qui, Confucius, was when Confucius joined the failing political system and helped build it up based on his beliefs and ways of life.

The basic beliefs, virtues, and qualities that the people who practice confucianism incorporate into thier daily lives are : Essential Beliefs– No main deities but they did worship the ancestors in the way of properly conducting rituals so that the ancestors in return will control fortunes of living beings. The idea that man is good by nature is widely accepted and the key to overcoming bad things is to consume themselves and master the categories of education, self-effort, and self reflection. Salvation of the social order was obtained by getting people to practice The Golden Rule. Essential Virtues– Hsin: to keep promises, find resolutions concerning future conduct, make statements supported by facts Ching: reverent Hui: generous to common people Kong: respectful Yi: moral, righteous, dutifulEssential Qualities– Jen: Benevolence Chih: Intelligence Yung: Courage

The daily practices and methods that confucianism followers practice are: Daily Practices and Methods to live by Followers practice daily to fulfill the characteristics of being a Sheng Jen “perfect humble man”, Shan Jen “good man”, Ch’eng Jen “complete man, and Chun Tzu “gentleman”. Methods- Shu: taking oneself what is near at hand Chung: doing ones best

The devoted followers of Confucianism in many ways complete missionary work. One way is perserving textual informational to keep the philosophy alive in the culture today.

The cultural diffusion this belief system was done by its followers because of the popularity of Confucius and China’s influence on neighboring countries. China’s political, social, and philosophical advancements attracted surrounding countries and lead to the expansion of this philosophy.

The big rituals and major celebrations of Confucianism are : 1.Capping- honoring of a son on his 20th birthday (feast, giving of a special name by father, giving of a square-cornered cap as distinguishing mark of manhood) 2.Marriage- to marry and have a male son was the duty of every son (male married at 30; female married at 20, proposal and acceptance given to parents not future-spouses, cups made by half a melon filled with sweet spirits drunken by both the bride and groom sealed their marriage) 3.Mourning Rites- for a fathers’ death the son must wear a mourning sackcloth, live in a crude hut near the burial site, and starve himself for one year4.Sacrifice- food-offering to do honor to the spirit guests ( vocal and instrumental music, no priest but high status patriarchs)

Texts Used for Insight on the Philosophy :

Five Classics – written by Confucius- The Book of Changes: A collective set of trigrams and hexagrams that describe different virtues with a picture and compatibility example.- The Book of Annals: A historical viewing of the ancient dynasties (Xia, Shang, Zhou) and the deeds of two sage-kings, Yao and Shun.- The Book of Poetry: 305 poems, in different forms, that speak on various topics such as daily life, marriage, war, agricultural matters, etc. - The Book of Ceremonies: A description of the social normality’s, government structure, and ritual conducts to be practiced during the Zhou dynasty’s rule. - The Annals of Spring and Autumn: A historical chronological commentary on the events happened in the State of Lu. Four Books – written by Disciples of Confucianism- The Analects: The collected views on the topics of education, governance, piety, virtue, and ritual based on Confucius’ teachings and way of life.- The Great Learning: The guide for moral self-cultivation that included teachings on education and the training of being a gentleman.- The Doctrine of Mean: A textual observation of how to maintain humane perfect balance and order in the universe.- The Book of Mencius: The ideas Mencius had about the nature of men put into a descriptive form.

This is an excerpt page out of The Book of Changes. It shows the differnt hexagrams listed in the book. Hexagram 5 says "Water Above. Heaven Below. Waiting. Clouds of anxietyrise. Do not b anious, but wait with confidence. The moment will arrive when correct persistance brings progress. This basically teaches on the idea of waiting."

Confucianism had spread thoughout this region of East Asia by 200 B.C.

This is the largest staute of Confucius and it is found in Yushima Seidō, Tokyo, Japan.

Both of these diagrams depict social order and structure under Confucianism.

This is a confucianism temple in Beijing.

This sign helps demonstrate the perfect balance Confucianism visioned for its followers to have.

"Respect yourself, and others will respect you" -Confucious


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