Behaviorism

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by SrtaEngland
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Psychology

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Behaviorism

Ivan Pavlov considered intellectual founder of first major learning theory. Believed learning theory had to be observable and based on empirical evidence. Classic conditioning, experimented with dog, food & bell.

Edward Thorndike created his own school of thought within behaviorism. It is called collectionism. His experiment consisted of an animal, box and a latch. Supported view that learning is associated with stimuli/responses.

Burrhus Skinner also focused on operant behavioral conditioning which focuses on use of positive/negative reinforcement and is related to voluntary behavior contrary to Pavlov's classical conditioning which is involuntary and based on reflexive responses.

Pavlov

Watson

Thorndike

Skinner

Source: Harasim, L. (2012). Learning Theory and Online Technologies. New York, NW: Routledge.

John Watson was the first Amercian psychologist to use Pavlov's teachings. He agreed with Pavlov's theorem that consciousness did not affect learning or psychology.

Knowledge: Knowledge comes from a stimulus/response relationship. Could be involuntary (classical conditioning) or voluntary (operant conditioning). These experiences lead to learning.Learning: Learning stems from scientifically controlled, observable cause/effect environments.Summary: First learning theorems. They believed that due to the use of the scientific methodology, if the behavior was not observable, then it could not affect learning. The three techniques and models are: 1) reward and punishment; 2) behavioral instructional design; and 3) taxonomies of learning.

Behaviorism: Knowledge and Learning


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