Behaviorism and Education

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by agnieszkakw
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Psychology

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Behaviorism and Education

-The consequence that has positive effect is a reinforcer.-Negative effect is aversive and will cause a person to move orrun away from something.This idea is also known as operant conditioning.

Behaviorism

Behaviorism and education

-The behavior is more or less likely to reoccur based on the reinforcements or consequences that follow, such as rewards and punishments.

It's a learning theory based on the idea thatbehavior can be controlled or modified based on the antecendents and consequences of a behavior.

Behaviorism is often use for shaping classroom behavior, in helping students learn basic facts and skills.

An American psychologist who established the psychological school of behaviorism. Watson promoted a change in psychology through his address Psychology as the Behaviorist Views it, which was given at Columbia University in 1913.Through his behaviorist approach, Watson conducted research on animal behavior, child rearing, and advertising. In addition, he conducted the controversial "Little Albert" experiment.

Behaviorists

John B. Watson

An American psychologist, behaviorist, author, inventor, and social philosopher.Skinner invented the operant conditioning chamber, also known as the Skinner Box. He was a firm believer of the idea that human free will was actually an illusion and any human action was the result of the consequences of that same action.

B.F. Skinner

Ivan Pavlov

Rote learning is a memorization technique based on repetition. The idea is that one will be able to quickly recall the meaning of the material the more one repeats it. Some of the alternatives to rote learning include meaningful learning, associative learning, and active learning. Although operant conditioning plays the largest role in discussions of behavioral mechanisms, classical conditioning (or Pavlovian conditioning or respondent conditioning) is also an important behavior-analytic process that need not refer to mental or other internal processes.

He was a Russian physiologist whose research on the physiology of digestion led to the development of the first experimental model of learning, Classical Conditioning. Most of his research was gathered studying salivating dogs.

Critical thinking is the process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating information to reach an answer or conclusion


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