Behaviorism

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Behaviorism

Behaviorism

Glog by: Paulina M., Paola M., Pamela G and Kenia A.

Definition: is a theory of learning based upon the idea that all behaviors are acquired through conditioning.Major Contributors: •John B. Watson (Father of behaviorism): Founder of the school of psychology “Behaviors can be measured, trained, and changed” •John A. Mills: “Behaviorism was the soil nourishing early American social science”Major Thinkers who Influence Behaviorism: •Ivan Pavlov:•B.f. Skinner: •Edward Thorndlike:•Clark Hull:

Types of Activities:1- Classical conditioning: is a technique used in behavioral training in which a naturally occurring stimulus is paired with a response. Next, a previously neutral stimulus is paired with the naturally occurring stimulus.2-Operant conditioning (sometimes referred to as instrumental conditioning) is a method of learning that occurs through reinforcements and punishments for behavior.

Role of Learner: The learner starts off as a clean slate and behavior is shaped through positive reinforcement or negative reinforcement. Both positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement increase the probability that the antecedent behavior will happen again.Role of Teacher: The role of the teacher is to provide stimulus material and take the students to the correct response.Provides the stimulus: - Teachers should present material in small portions - Teachers should use repetition and lots of practice Provides positive reinforcement - Teachers should offer rewards for correct responses; this may be through: a) Stickers (for younger) b) Special recognition or duties (elementary) c) Bonus points (middle – high school)

References:Cherry, Kendra, What is behaviorism?, About Health, Last update 02/07/15, Available online:http://psychology.about.com/od/behavioralpsychology/f/behaviorism.htm Accesed: 18/01/16Haberkorn, Jennifer, Cognitivist and Behaviorist Teachers. Last update 2001, Available online: http://lrs.ed.uiuc.edu/students/jhaberkorn/edpsy399ol/l11q4.html Accesed: 18/01/16Zeinab, Lauren, Amanda L, Erica, Amanda D. Behaviorism; Learning Theory. Last update 22/11/2010. Available online: http://es.slideshare.net/deyoungaj/behaviorism-learning-theory Accesed: 18/01/16


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