Battle of the Plains of Abraham

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Battle of the Plains of Abraham

Battle Of The Plains Of Abraham

Events Leading Up To The Battle

#1. In June of 1755, in Newfoundland, the British attacked two French ships. The British did not return the ships, which resulted in the French being angry. The French and their Aboriginal allies kept the British away until the British Prime Minister William Pitt sent 50,000 soldiers to North America to take power of France's fortresses at Louisbourg and Quebec. #2. Louisbourg was blocking the entrance to the St. Lawrence River, which was on the route to the Quebec colony therefore Louisbourg had to be captured first. In June 1758, the British blocked the harbour and nothing was able to get to the colonists. Supplies were decreasing as the British made it impossible for anything or anyone to enter or exit the fortress. 7 weeks later the French had to give up.#3. After the British captured Louisbourg, it was then possible to capture Quebec. Major-General James Wolfe led 200 ships with 9,000 soldiers and 18,000 sailors up the St. Lawrence River in the spring of 1759. The French commander, Marquis de Montcalm had 16,000 troops and Odawa allies. The French were confident that the British would not be able to capture their fortress. Winter was approaching soon and Wolfe and his ships would have to leave before the river froze. Wolfe decided to bombard the fortress with cannon fire but decided to stop his army and wait. He decided to wait as one of the French said "We do not doubt that you will destroy the town, but we are determined that you shall never set foot within its walls."

Groups Involved

The Battle

The Battle

Outcome of the Battle

Wolfe wanted to take one last try at capturing Quebec. There was a farmer's field called The Plains of Abraham on the high clifftop behind the fortress. The French believed no one would be able to go up. In the middle of the night, British soldiers came from boats and starting to climb up the cliffs. There was very few French guards at the top. One of them called out "Who goes there?" and a British solider said "Provisions from Montreal" in a French accent. The attack began. In the morning there were 4,440 British troops and General Montcalm decided to fight back. At 10 o'clock, the French army had Odawa allies fighting with them. British soldiers did not fire until the French were near and were ordered when to fire by Wolfe. The smoke made vision unclear for the French which gave the British time to reload and fire again. Many French soldiers were lost. Once again Wolfe ordered the soldiers to charge but the French army had already left. The battle was over and 1300 soldiers had died, including General Wolfe. Not only did the British commander die, but also General Montcalm of the French.He had died from wounds and while he was dying he said, "I am glad I shall not live to see the surrender of Quebec". Quebec was given to the British a few days later.

Consequences and Effects of the Battle

The Battle of the Plains of Abraham had effects and consequences on the First Nations people, the Acadians, the Canadiens and the British. First Nations: The First Nations were upset that the British had won the war, as they did not know if the British would treat them poorly or not and if they would kick them out of their territories. But, in time, the First Nations made peace with the British but feared that others who wanted land would take up their own land.Acadians: Since they were deported by the British earlier, the British allowed them to come back to Nova Scotia. They were worried that they would not be able to keep their language and religious rights as English speaking Catholics came from the Thirteen Colonies.Canadiens in Quebec: They knew that their lifestyle would change under the British. They thought they might be deported, like the Acadians were. They worried if they were allowed to speak French and keep their religion if they were to stay.The British: Although the British had won the war, there was also consequences for them. They now had a colony with 70,000 Canadiens that didn't speak English and were used to the French laws and government. They worried if they would be able to keep them loyal and not turn on them. They also wondered how they would become friends with the First Nations people who were allies with the French.

James Wolfe,commander/major-generalof the British

Marquis de Montcalm,commander/major-generalof the French

The groups that were involved were the French, the British, and their First Nations allies which include the Odawa (France's ally)

The outcome of the battle was that France no longer had rule over Quebec as it was handed over to the British. Also, 1,300 soldiers' had died, including General Wolfe and General Montcalm.

Citations:Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D4eVwzZ9a_A


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