Battle Of The Plains Of Abraham

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Battle Of The Plains Of Abraham

Battle of The Plains of Abraham Canada Second Edition

After the battle, the French tried to hold on to Montréal. The colonists and British soldiers stuggled to find food that following winter. More of them died from starvation than the battle. That is more than 1 300 people dying. The next spring, 18 000 British troops burned farms along the river. French then prepared for the last stand, but Govenor Vaudreuil knew they could not win. They surrendered the French flag. The peace treaty disappointed the First Nations though, because of their land being at stake. People living in Canada were also concerned about the future, just for different reasons than the First Nations peoples. They were afraid that land-hungry newcomers would flood into their territories, even though First Nations eventually made peace with the British, that they wouldn't be allowed their own religion or language, and that the British might expel them again.


There were many events leading up to the Battle of The Plains of Abraham. They were the capturing of two French ships, the Capturing of Loisbourg, and two attempts to capture Québec.

First of all, we have the British capturing two French ships. They weren't just any two French ships either, the ships were carrying troops.The French then became furious with the British since the wouldn't give their ships back. This was the first event leading up to the Battle of the Plains of Abraham.

Second of all, we have the Capturing of Louisbourg. The British knew that Louisbourg had to be captured first since it guarded the enterance to the St. Lawrence River, where the Québec colony was. In June of 1758, 160 British warships appeared of the coast of Cape Breton and started bombarding the fortress.They also cut off all French supplies; food, soldiers, help, or anything at all. They lasted a whole seven weeks before they finally gave up. They were all starving, and the fortress walls were crumbling.

Britain once again tried to capture Québec. This time, in the spring of 1759, Major-General James Wolfe led a fleet up the St. Lawrence River that had about 200 ships carrying 9 000 soldiers and 18 000 sailors. Fun fact, the line of ships expanded about 150 kilometres down the road. 150! The battle lasted about three months. Montcalm had had 16 000 troops and several hundred Odawa allies with him. This would be a tough battle for Wolfe. If the battle lasted too long, the lake would freeze and trap his ships. Wolfe acted quickly, and decided to bombard the fortress, and released an attack on the countryside, wishing for a battle. Montcalm decided to wait, and not release his troops.

There was one final attempt to capture Québec. There was a farmers field on a high clifftop that was known as the Plains of Abraham. The French believed no one could ever climb to the top of the mountain, so they only had 30 sentries guarding the top. When it was dark at night, the British started to scale the cliffs, but the French got suspicious. They then started fighting, but without shots. By morning, there were more than 4 400 British troops on the cliff. Montcalm was taken by suprise, and made a decision that would make him or break him. He decided to march his troops out, but then many French soldiers were dying. In all, 1 300 soldiers died including General Wolfe, and General Montcalm. As Montcalm was lying there, dying, he said that he was glad that he wouldn't live long enough to see the surrender of Québec. A few days later, Québec was taken over by the British.



The groups that were involved in this battle included the following. The French, and the British. They each had First Nations to help them out, though. The French had Odawa and Minweweh allies, while the British had Haudenosaunee allies. The leaders name for the Odowa tribe was Pontiac, and the Anishable tribe, Minweweh. As you can see, the French did have more First Nation allies, but the British did have a navy. That helped the British out a lot.

Odawa Tribe Leader: Pontiac

Anishable Tribe Leader: Minweweh


June of 1755

Spring of 1759

June of 1758

September of 1759


The consequences of the Battle of The Plains of Abraham for the British were the following. First of all, most of the First Nations would hate the British for what they had done. Most of the First Nations were on the French side. There was another reason for them hating the British, though. The land they had was at stake, and they knew it. The British would even make it even worse with the First Nations, because they did not know the same trading practices that the French knew for the fur trade. Second of all, they knew it would be a challenge to keep 70 000 Canadiens who had a totally different lifestyle loyal subjects. Lastly, they would have to deal with all of the residents of Canada worried because of land-hungry newcomers flooding into their territories, that their language and religion might vanish, and that they might be expelled again. As you can see, the British might have thought everything would be fine after the battle, but that was clearly not the case.

Marquis de Montcalm

James Wolfe

William Pitt



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