Battle Of Stalingrad

by piggyb
Last updated 8 years ago

Social Studies
World War II

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Battle Of Stalingrad

Battle Of Stalingrad

The Battle of Stalingrad began on July 17th, 1942.

Stalingrad is considered one of the deadliest battles in modern history with more than 2 million people dead by the end of the battle.

The Battle of Stalingrad was considered a major turning point on the Eastern Front. Both Hitler and Stalin were both equally determined to capture and defend Stalin's namesake city. Stalingrad was also a industrial center and a stategic city to defend for the Russians.

The main goal for the German army was to get to the oil fields of Caucasus so they could supply their war effort. Historians suggest that the Nazi army did not need to invade the city of Stalingrad.

The Red army cut the Nazi forces off and trapped them at this point

Hitler expected his general, Paulus, to take Stalingrad very quickly.

Tired and worn by battle, Paulus and his troops urge Hitler to let them surrender. Hitler replies by telling Paulus that he and his men have to fight to the very last bullet. "Surrender is forbidden. 6 Army will hold their positions to the last man and the last round and by their heroic endurance will make an unforgettable contribution towards the establishment of a defensive front and the salvation of the Western world."-Hitler's communication with von Paulus.

Years before the Battle, Stalin and Hitler signed the Nazi-Soviet Non-Agresssion Pact. Russia supplied Germany with raw materials to fight the war, in return the Germans wouldn't attack the Soviet Union. The pact also split poland in half, giving half to Russia and half to Germany. Part of Hitlers decicion to invade Stalingrad was the pact. After the Nazi-Soviet Pact was broken, Stalin and Hitler hated eachother making Hitler determined to capture Stalingrad and Stalin more inclined to defend Stalingrad. This eventually led to the downfall of the German army and the turning point in the war.

The Nazi-Soviet Pact was signed on August 23rd, 1939. It was broken by Germany when they invaded parts of Russia on June 22nd, 1941.

QFT Question

Germanys defeat at Stalingrad was a devastating blow to their offensive. An entire German army group was lost at Stalingrad as well as 91,000 German prisioners of war. Germany lacked the resourses to go on fighting in the East while the Russians were able to drive the Nazi army back.



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