Battle of Gettysburg

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by cougarfan
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History

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Battle of Gettysburg

Time Line

Background

Battle of GettysburgBy Johnathan Hale

Day 1

Day 2

Day 3

Union Victory

July 01

July 02

July 03

Results

Pickett's Charge, one of the most futile and bloody assaults of the Civil War, left a three-quarter-mile trail of casualties across the open fields before the aptly named Cemetery Ridge.

In May 1863, Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia had scored a smashing victory over the Army of the Potomac at Chancellorsville. Brimming with confidence, Lee decided to go on the offensive and invade the North for a second time

In the fields outside a small Pennsylvania town, two massive armies collided unexpectedly, provoking the bloodiest battle of the Civil War.

How Brig. Gen. Daniel Sickles singlehandedly shifted the position of the entire union army, resulting in horrific casualties on both sides.

FORCES ENGAGEDTotal: 165,620Union93,921Confederate71,699TOTAL ESTIMATED CASUALTIES51,112UNION3,155 killed14,529 wounded5,365 missing & captured23,049 totalCONFEDERATE3,903 killed18,735 wounded5,425 missing & captured28,063 total

On the Union side, President Abraham Lincoln had lost confidence in the Army of the Potomac’s commander, Joseph Hooker, who seemed reluctant to confront Lee’s army after the defeat at Chancellorsville. On June 28, Lincoln named Major General George Gordon Meade to succeed Hooker. Meade immediately ordered the pursuit of Lee’s army of 75,000, which by then had crossed the Potomac River into Maryland and marched on into southern Pennsylvania.

American Civil War

Gettysburg Address Abe Lincoln

General George G. Meade (North)

General Robert E. Lee(South)


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