Battle of Britain

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Battle of Britain

Amanda SchwederPeriod 1February 24

The Battle of Britain took place in 1940. It was a time when Britain and German air forces, in the sky over the UK, had the longest lasting bombing up to that date. It was a major turning point in World War II. Germany’s Air Force targeted air bases, military posts and eventually even citizens in Britain. It ended when the Luftwaffe, or Germany’s air force, failed to win against Britain’s Royal Air Force. The Battle of Britain was the first battle to take place completely in the air. Overall, The Battle of Britain was the Luftwaffe’s attempt to get “air superiority” over the Royal Air Force from summer to fall of 1940.

The Battle of Britain

The Battle of Britain started in June of 1940 because Winston Churchill had just replaced Neville Chamberlain as prime minister and because Churchill, unlike Chamberlain, would not go down without a fight. Peace was not an option and he would not surrender to Hitler and let him take over Britain as he did France. So, The Battle of Britain had begun with the Luftwaffe attacking British shipping in the English Channel. In August of 1940, the Luftwaffe bombed London, the capital of Britain, supposedly on “accident.” The people of Britain were furious and therefore bombed Berlin, Germany soon afterwards. Hitler, shocked by the challenge of taking over Britain, was now left with his only choice being to terrorize Britain into surrendering.

Since all of the battle was taking place in the air, the British needed a way to get ahead of the Germans and that chance came with the invention of radar technology. Radar allowed the British to know when the German aircrafts were coming. This works by transmitting a radio signal being reflected back from an airplane. It is then received and analyzed to decipher were the plane is. The British would then send fighters directly to intercept the aircrafts. Many people believe radar technology is what helped the British win The Battle of Britain. Let’s just say because of the radar technology and the British people’s attitude, by October of 1940 Hitler cancelled his invasion of Britain.

This topic is still important today because it is a part of our history. I believe that if we do not study history, history could repeat itself. I also believe although World War II was not one of the greatest moments in the history of the world, it is important we teach about it. The Battle of Britain is important because it was a major turning point in World War II. Also, since any part of World War II is important to learn about, so is The Battle of Britain.

I chose this topic because I love learning about history in general, but I especially like learning about battles. I know that sounds absolutely horrible and very out of character, but frankly I just think wars and battles are interesting. Since I was told to pick a topic from World War II, I knew I would choose a battle. So, I picked the most interesting battle to me of World War II so far which is The Battle of Britain. I truly love the bravery and willingness not to succumb to Hitler by the British. I think it is really admirable.


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