Basic parts of a network

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by j12barre
Last updated 6 years ago

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Basic parts of a network

Basic Parts of a NetworkBy: Jessie Barre

Network interface cards: NIC, the basic hardware boundary between the computer and its network. It is network adaptor hardware in the state of a card that can be put into the computer as an addition such as a PCI. Some communicate with wired and other wireless connections and support wireless Wi-Fi or Ethernet wired code.

Switches: Network switches are also called network bridges. They manage the sharing of data from computers that are connected to the same data connection. This applies to both computers and networks. It monitors and handles the information of the connected devices.

Modems: Modulator-demodulator, converts the computer signals into specialized frequencies that can travel over the specific lines such as the television and or telephones lines. Once the data reaches its destination it is converted back into the digital data. Modems are used by computers to connect with other computers over a network.

Wireless access point: Also referred to as a hot spot. The hotspot emits a Wi-Fi signal that gives consumers access to the signal through some form of mobile device. A network adaptor circulates and unprotected signal to the surrounding area for a certain distance that any device can use. The hotspot can be free or charged.

Hubs: Networking hubs are part of the LAN. The hub is a box with multiple ports at the back of it to connect the Ethernet cables that are that are plugged into all of the computers on the LAN. The Ethernet cables run form the NIC to the hub. As a result, all of the computers of the LAN are connected to the hub.Networking hubs are part of the LAN. The hub is a box with multiple ports at the back of it to connect the Ethernet cables that are that are plugged into all of the computers on the LAN. The Ethernet cables run form the NIC to the hub. As a result, all of the computers of the LAN are connected to the hub.

Repeaters: Network repeaters are used to broaden the horizon of LANs. It takes the signal form a wireless router and boosts the strength of the signal and amplifies the distance that the WLAN can serve.

Multiplexer: The multiplexer, mux chooses from input signals and gives off at least one output signal. The mux at the least can have two input signals, one control input and one output.

Routers: A small hardware device that serves the purpose of connecting several networks. It connects two or more networks and performs under the OSI model. A router can be wireless or wired. Home networks are generally a wired or wireless IP router.

Bridges: Network bridges are also called layer 2 switches. They are hardware accessories that are used to connect two isolated networks or to divide one connected network into two. The two networks usually practice the same protocols.

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