AUTISTIC DISORDER

In Glogpedia

by etnie
Last updated 9 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health

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AUTISTIC DISORDER

SYMPTOMS: -Unresponsive to people or focus intently on one item to the exclusion of others for long periods of time. -May appear to develop normally and then withdraw and become indifferent to social engagement. -Fail to respond to their names and often avoid eye contact with other people. -Can’t understand social cues, such as tone of voice or facial expressions -Don’t watch other people’s faces for clues about appropriate behavior. -They lack empathy.

Range of complex neurodevelopment disorders, characterized by social impairments, communication difficulties, restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior. Varies significantly in character and severity, it occurs in all ethnic and socioeconomic groups and affects every age group.

AUTISTIC DISORDER

CDC estimates 1 in 88 children in the United States (11.3 per 1000) has been identified with ASD.

Scientists aren’t certain about what causes ASD, it’s likely that both genetics and environment play a role. Studies of people with ASD have found irregularities in several regions of the brain. Others suggest that have abnormal levels of serotonin or other neurotransmitters in the brain. These abnormalities could result from the disruption of normal brain development early in fetal development caused by defects in genes that control brain growth and that regulate how brain cells communicate with each other, possibly due to the influence of environmental factors on gene function. While these findings are preliminary and require further study.

POSSIBLE CAUSES:

There is no cure for ASD. Therapies and behavioral interventions are designed to remedy specific symptoms and can bring about substantial improvement. The ideal treatment plan cordinates therapies and interventions that meet the specific needs of individual children. Most health care professionals agree that the erlier the intervention, the better.

TREATMENT:


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