Autism

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by tjaskowiak
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Psychology

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Autism

CAUSES:•Genetic problems. Several genes appear to be involved in autism. Some may make a child more susceptible to the disorder. Others affect brain development or the way that brain cells communicate.•Environmental factors. Researchers are currently exploring whether such factors as viral infections, complications during pregnancy and air pollutants play a role in triggering autism. Risk Factors:•Your child's sex. Boys are four to five times more likely to develop autism than girls are. •Family history. Families who have one child with autism have an increased risk of having another child with the disorder•Other disorders. Children with certain medical conditions have a higher than normal risk of having autism.•Parents' ages. There may also be a connection between children born to older parents and autism, but more research is necessary to establish this link.

Autism

The word "autism," which has been in use for about 100 years, comes from the Greek word "autos," meaning "self." The term describes conditions in which a person is removed from social interaction -- hence, an isolated self.

History

In the 1940s, researchers in the United States began to use the term "autism" to describe children with emotional or social problems. Leo Kanner, a doctor from Johns Hopkins University, used it to describe the withdrawn behavior of several children he studied. At about the same time, Hans Asperger, a scientist in Germany, identified a similar condition that’s now called Asperger’s syndrome.Autism and schizophrenia remained linked in many researchers’ minds until the 1960s. It was only then that medical professionals began to have a separate understanding of autism in children.From the 1960s through the 1970s, research into treatments for autism focused on medications such as LSD, electric shock, and behavioral change techniques. The latter relied on pain and punishment.

Some think the MMR Vaccine caues Autism,there is no proof this is true

TestsYour child's doctor will look for signs of developmental delays at regular checkups. If your child shows some signs of autism, you may be referred to a specialist who treats children with autism. This specialist, working with a team of professionals, can perform a formal evaluation. Because autism varies widely in severity, making a diagnosis may be difficult. There isn't a specific medical test to determine the disorder. Instead, an autism specialist may: •Observe your child and ask how your child's social skills, language skills and behavior have developed and changed over time •Give your child developmental tests covering speech, language, developmental level, and social and behavioral issues •Present structured social and communication interactions to your child and score the performance Signs of autism often appear early in development when there are obvious delays in language skills and social interactions. Diagnosis is usually made before age 3. Early diagnosis and intervention is most helpful and can improve skill and language development.

Treatment •Behavior and communication therapies•Educational therapies•Family therapiesDrugsNo medication can improve the core signs of autism, but certain medications can help control symptoms. For example, antidepressants may be prescribed for anxiety, and antipsychotic drugs are sometimes used to treat severe behavioral problems. Other medications may be prescribed if your child is hyperactive.

When we look out for famous physicians and scientist, who made the revolutionary changes in the world of modern physics, Albert Einstein is surely the most popular one. His day dreaming nature and his past family record showed the signs of autism. However, he had a good sense of humor and is also regarded as a special type of Asperger’s syndrome. He even had difficulties in social interactions and was quite sensitive about personal life. Right from his school days, he had a hard time learning new things which the normal kids could easily grasp up. It’s hard to believe that a person like him with such high IQ level could fall behind in school. His difficulties in social interaction made it difficult for him to find a job despite his intelligence.

Refrenceshttp://www.webmd.com/brain/autism/history-of-autism"Autism." Treatment at Mayo Clinic. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2014. "What is Autism? Do you know the signs?." YouTube. YouTube, 17 June 2011. Web. 29 Mar. 2014. .."Famous People with Autism who were Successful." Presidia Creative. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2014. .

Parts of the BrainAug. 16, 2006 - New research is challenging the long-held belief that autism affects only those regions of the brain that control social interaction, communication, and reasoning -- suggesting, instead, that the disorder affects the entire brain.The government-funded study found that even highly functioning autistic children had difficulty when asked to perform a wide range of complex tasks involving other areas of the brain.This suggests different parts of the autistic brain have difficulty working together to process complex information. This may be the driving component of autism, the researchers say.


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