Autism

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by Jvysoky
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
10

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Autism

Sensory Preference pages like the one below help us communicate with autistic children.

History of AutismThe word autism has been around for about 100 years now. The word autism comes from the greek word “autos”, which means, “self”. The word is used to describe the lack of social interaction between the person affected and others. Autism affects one out of every 88 kids in the U.S. Many people have studied it but it is such a complex disorder that they have yet to really grasp or understand all that it is.

Autism

Kids with autism have what is called sensory integration issues. Their senses cannot process sights, sounds and touch normally and many are either hyper sensitive or hypo sensitive. Sensory rooms like this one help because it can offer what they need to help calm them. For example if someone is hyper sensitive to touch then they do not like to be touched because it can be painful or uncomfortable. But if they are hypo sensitive then they may come to the sensory room and lay with a weighted blanket because they seek that pressure.

Kids with autism may need fidgets or balls to hold on to that keeps them from hitting tables or themselves when they are feeling discomfort.

What is Autism?Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a range of complex neurodevelopment disorders, characterized by social impairments, communication difficulties, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior. Autism appears to have its roots in very early brain development. However, the most obvious signs of autism and symptoms of autism tend to emerge between 2 and 3 years of age.

What do Autistic Children Experience? People with autism have a difficult time processing sensory information. Those who struggle this way often feel physical pain or get stressed and anxious from it. This leads to challenging behavior sometimes. They may describe this as fragmentation. This is where they get sensory overload and just shut down. Many have described it like seeing thousands of faces when they are looking at one or watching 40 TV channels at once. Visual supports, reducing florescent lighting, ear plugs, weighted blankets, items with different textures to hold all help those with autism.


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