Autism

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by laurenmcginley
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health

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Autism

Characteristics

Instructional Strategies

"Other characteristics often associated with autism are engagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences. "

Difficulty making eye contact with others. Show little body language or facial expressions when interacting. Have difficulty developing relationships with peers. Have difficulty communicating with speech or with gestures. Have difficulty understanding what others are saying to them. Lack make-believe or pretend-play skills. They may show interest in very few objects or activities and play with them in repetitive ways. Perform repetitive routines and have difficulty with changes in these routines. Spend time in repetitive movements (such as waving a hand in front of face or flapping).

What is Autism?

"Autism is a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age 3, that adversely affects a child's educational performance."

According to IDEA...

1. Create a classroom routine. Students with autism appreciate routine. 2. Use preparatory commands and commands of execution to cue transitions. (Ex. "When I say move we will..." followed by command execution , "move," sets up clear expectations. 3. Give fewer choices. Students with autism can get overwhelmed when given list-style selections. 4. Find "their thing" but be aware of aversions. If you could find some way to tie a lesson into their area of expertise, it's most likely going to be a good lesson. 5. Use appropriate technology. There is so much helpful technology for students with autism. 6. Treat them like any other kid as much as possible.

Helpful Websites Autism Speaks Autism Facts Sheet Autism Society

Resources Hart, J., & Whalon, K. (2013). Misbehavior or Missed Opportunity? Challenges in Interpreting the Behavior of Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Early Childhood Education Journal, 41(4), 257-263. doi:10.1007/s10643-012-0527-8(2013). What is Autism?. Autism Speaks , Retrieved from http://www.autismspeaks.org/what-autism Wilson, D. (2010). Puzzling Through New Ways to Teach Children With Autism . Boston Parents Paper .


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