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Social Studies
World War II

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When you first entered the camp, the front gate had the words “Arbeit macht frei”; work sets you free. This gave the people who were entering the camp false hope that they would be released if they worked hard. This camp was run by Rudolf Hoss, who previously ran a different camp in Germany. Auschwitz was originally a detention center for the Polish people who the Nazis believed had to be punished. There was a lot more than labor going on at this concentration camp.


Auschwitz, located in southern Poland, was the largest and arguably the most notorious of all the Nazi concentration camps and death camps. In the five years Auschwitz was part of the Final Solution, 1.1 million people were killed in gas chambers. Almost everybody who was imprisoned was Jewish. Auschwitz was liberated on January 27th, 1945. Some prisoners were sent on a death march, and the remaining people were set free.

Auschwitz was divided into three separate parts. Auschwitz I was the original camp that housed about 15,000 to 20,000 prisoners. Auschwitz II, also known as Auschwitz-Birkenau, was the largest facitlity. It could hold 90,000 prisoners, and at some point, it did. Auschwitz II had a group of bathhouses where the prisoners were gassed, and crematory ovens where the bodies were burned. When you first entered the camp, if a Nazi doctor deemed you unfit to work, you were sent to the bathhouses that were incognito as gas chambers. The elderly, young children, and pregnant women had no idea what they were willingly walking into.

I chose the topic of Auschwitz because it has always interested me, and i think its important to always remeber it. Auschwitz is very notorious for its horrors, but we must never forget.

This topic is still important today because if we don't acknowledge the horrors that took place at Auschwitz, we can not learn from it. The Holocaust is a big part of our history, and Auschwitz is a big part of the Holocaust. We can use this event to make sure this never happens again in the future.


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