Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder

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by SneakySarah
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
12

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Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder

Definition: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder that makes it difficult for one to pay attention and control their behavior.

Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder

Characteristics & symptoms: The three characteristics of ADHD are impulsivity, hyperactivity, and inattention. These three symptoms show up early in a child’s life. Many children may have these symptoms (at a lower level) for a period and not have ADHD. All children can be hyper and struggle with focusing, but when the child’s poor concentration, impulsivity, hyperactivity, or distractibility hinders their performance at school, social relationships with other children, or behavior at hope - ADHD is highly probably. ADHD symptoms will appear over the course of several months in the form of the above characteristics. Every child will react differently. One might be disruptive and unable to sit still. Another might a quiet daydreamer. The outgoing child would be noticed, whereas the quieter one might be overlooked. One child might be impulsive and act before he thinks. Where another child might be passive and sluggish. It is important to take into account that ADHD has many forms and many different looks. It can be very difficult to diagnose.

Cause: No one knows what quite causes this disorder. The most significant explanation falls in the dominion of genetics and neurobiology. Parents who have children with ADHD are encouraged to focus on how to deal with the issue rather then focus on how their child was born with this disorder. However, over the last several decades, scientists have been exploring the options. Some studies suggest that there is a higher risk of ADHD when there is use of cigarettes and alcohol during pregnancy. Another environmental issue that may associate with ADHD is higher levels of lead in children. Children who are exposed to high levels of lead (in old buildings lead may still exist in the plumbing and paint) are at higher risks to suffer ADHD. Secondly, a small amount of children suffering with ADHD experienced a brain injury. Children with brain injuries have similar symptoms as those diagnosed with ADHD. Another idea suggests that ADHD is caused by food additives or refined sugar. Studies show that diet restrictions help five percent of children with ADHD. Lastly, genetics has proven to be the most trustworthy link. 25% of close relatives in the families of an ADHD child have ADHD. While there are many different ideas and suggestions as to what causes this disorder, researchers continue to work hard at finding the root cause. How is it detected?: Most parents identify a problem when their child begins school, while other identify an issue long before. An easy diagnosis might be when your child looses interest watching TV or playing a game and starts running around completely out of control. Being that not every child reacts to ADHD the same, professional help is necessary in making an accurate diagnosis. One sign is if the child is always on the go – constantly in motion. They may touch or play with whatever is in sight and talk relentlessly. They may wiggle and squirm in seats and roam around the room. Often times they will wiggle their feet or tap things. They will blurt out anything they think or feel, have difficulty waiting in lines or taking turns, and interrupt conversations. ADHD children will become easily distracted by any sight or sound. They often will fail to pay attention and make careless mistakes. You will find that they rarely follow instructions and will always forget or loose things. Children that suffer with ADHD will also rarely complete an activity.

Detected: Being that ADHD symptoms show up differently in every child, there is no right or wrong answer here. As I said before, in most cases it becomes an issue when the child starts school. It is impossible to detect or diagnose an infant with ADHD. Therefore, it is detected early in life, but takes time before an accurate diagnosis is made.

cure: ADHD can not be cured. Medications can greatly help children with ADHD preform well in school and live a successful life, but they will always have this disorder.

Treatment: There are several stimulant medications (Ritalin or Amphetamines) that can reduce the symptoms of ADHD. The American Academy of Pediatrics prescribes stimulants as one of the top clinical guidelines for treating this disorder. ADHD therapies are also often tailored into the treatment plans. There are different medications according to the child’s age. For example, Adderall is for children three years and older, and Concerta is for children six years and older.

Statistics: It is estimated that three to five percent of children are diagnosed In the USA. So there are about two million children in the States suffering with this disorder. With these statistics, we could say that to every thirty children, one has ADHD.

long-term effects: As children with ADHD grow up, their disorder changes in variations to fit their age. As an adult they may struggle keeping a job or staying organized. Their medications will change as they grow older as well. It will grow worse or better. Different things will trigger the ADHD - like stress of demands.

Link to ADHD video: http://www.ehow.com/video_6191394_teach-children-adhd.html


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