Atrial Ventricular Septal Defect

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by lpollina52
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health

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Atrial Ventricular Septal Defect

Atrial Ventricular Septal Defect Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment

Signs and Symptoms- Weight loss/minimal weight gain-Tires eaisly with minimal activity-Heart murmurs-Pallor-Bounding heart beat

Surgical RepairInvolves an open heart surgery in which the surgeon closes both holes in the heart and changes the single valve two seperate valves (Mitral and Tricuspid) requiring the patient to be put on a heart lung bypass machine which works as the heart and lungs when heart is stopped during surgery.

Diagnostic Testing-Echocardiogram-Electrocardiogram-Chest X-Ray-Cardiac MRI-Cardiac catheterization

Complete Atrial Ventricular Septal Defect(AVSD)

Statistics show that about 42% of children born with down syndrome will also have an AVSD

The Atrial Ventricular Septal Defect (AVSD) is a congenital heart defect. It is a combination of an Atrial septal defect and a Ventricular Septal Defect, meaning there are two holes in the heart, one between the left and right atriums and the other between the left and right ventricals, also only containing one large common valve through the middle of the heart, as opposed to two seperate valves. This defect allows unoxygenated blood and oxygen rich blood to move freely between the four chambers, resulting in more blood flow than normal being pumped to the lungs. Where only oxygenated blood should be unoxygenated blood is also present. This effects the heart negatively , forcing the heart to pump harder than normal resulting fatigue, minimal weight gain and inibility to thrive properly if not corrected by open heart surgery.

Medical Therapy-Ace Inhibitors, to relax the blood vessels and decrease blood volume.-Digoxin, strengthens the heart muscle, enabling heart to pump more efficiently.-Lasix (before and directly after surgery) to remove excess fluid in the body.


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