Atheist Thoughts In Hinduism

by akirato
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Religious Studies

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Atheist Thoughts In Hinduism

Introduction:The modern society has seen a substantial increase in the number of atheists across the world. According to [1], it is now the world's third largest faith only after Christianity and Islam. Surprisingly, Hinduism, which is now the fourth most followed religion, also has a concept of Atheism or "nir-īśvara-vāda"(in Sanskrit).Atheism is valid in Hinduism, but some schools view the path of an atheist to be difficult to follow in matters of spirituality.Hindu atheists accept Hinduism more as a "way of life" than a religion. They are unlike other Hindus in their religious outlook, but they share the same cultural and moral values.

Atheist Thoughts in Hinduism

Mimansa School:Mimamsa was a realistic, pluralistic school of philosophy which was concerned with the exegesis of the Vedas. The core text of the school was the Purva Mimamsa Sutras of Jaimini (c. 200 BCE–200 CE). Mimamsa philosophers believed that the revelation of the Vedas was sacred, authorless (apaurusheyatva) and infallible, and that it was essential to preserve the sanctity of the Vedic ritual to maintain dharma (cosmic order). As a consequence of the belief in sanctity of the ritual, Mimamsas rejected the notion of God in any form.

Samkhya School:Samkhya is an atheistic and strongly dualistic orthodox (Astika) school of Indian philosophy. The earliest surviving authoritative text on classical Samkhya philosophy is the Samkhyakarika (c. 350–450 CE) of Iśvarakṛṣṇa. The Samkhyakarika accepts the notion of higher selves or perfected beings but rejects the notion of God.

Carvaka School:Cārvāka, a materialistic and atheistic school of Indian philosophy, had developed a systematic philosophy by 6th century CE. Cārvākas rejected metaphysical concepts like reincarnation, afterlife, extracorporeal soul, efficacy of religious rites, other world (heaven and hell), fate, and accumulation of merit or demerit through the performance of certain actions

Sources:1. https://www.google.co.in/search?q=Atheism+in+Hinduism'source=lnms'tbm=isch'sa=X'ei=cuCrVPHmONHIuAS6iYD4DA'ved=0CAkQ_AUoAg'biw=1313'bih=6712. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atheism_in_Hinduism3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irreligion_in_India

- Nurendra Choudhary


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