Assisted Reproductive Technology

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by savannahsavannah
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
12

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Assisted Reproductive Technology

Since the 1980s, 15 states—Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Montana, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Rhode Island, Texas and West Virginia—have passed laws that require insurers to either cover or offer coverage for infertility diagnosis and treatment. IVF cost between $9,000 and $15,000 per cycle.

When it comes to infertility, IVF may be an option for those who may be stuggling with infertility, such as:EndometriosisLow sperm countsProblems with the uterus or fallopian tubesProblems with ovulationAntibody problems that harm sperm or eggsThe inability of sperm to penetrate or survive in the cervical mucusAn unexplained fertility problem

Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

IVF sucess rate according to maternal age

-About 6% of married women 15–44 years of age in the United States are unable to get pregnant after one year of activly trying. Also, about 11% of women 15–44 years of age in the United States have difficulty getting pregnant or carrying a pregnancy to term, regardless of marital status. -7.5% of all sexually experienced men younger than age 45 reported seeing a fertility doctor during their lifetime—this equals 3.3–4.7 million men. Of men who sought help, 18% were diagnosed with a male-related infertility problem, including sperm or semen problems (14%) and varicocele (6%).

An egg being manually inseminated

1) Pre-Stimulation 2) Ovarian Stimulation 3) Monitoring of Follicle Development 4)Final Oocyte Maturation and hCG Administration 5)Transvaginal Oocyte Retrieval 6) Semen 7) Embryology Lab Proceedures 8) Embryo Transfer 9) Cryopreservation of Embryos 10) Progesterone Suppliments 11) Pregnancy Test 12) Early Pregnancy Follow- up

In 1978 Robert G. Edwards (right), was the first man to successfully preform In Vitro Fertilization

Steps to IVF

Assisted reproductive technology, most commonly known as In Vitro Fertilization or IVF is the process of retrieving eggs and sperm and fertilizatiing them manually by combining the egg and sperm in a laboratory dish. When the IVF procedure is successful, the process is combined with a procedure known as embryo transfer, which involves physically placing the embryo in the uterus with the end goal of pregnancy. this procedure is reversable, but is usually not done.

Both males and female participate in this procedure

Multiples are more common with IVF than natural conception.


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