Artillery and warfare in the renaissance

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by janemenglish
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies
European history

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Artillery and warfare in the renaissance

There were many major developments of weapons and strategy during the Renaissance.

An early cannon.

Warfare in the Renaissance took a dramatic turn after the invention of gunpowder. Now, kingdoms focused on defense instead of expansion. Weapons were bigger, heavier, and took more supplies. All of this was more effective because the artillery was in place, mounted to the ground.



Historians are divided about where or when gunpowder was invented. Many historians believe it came from China around the 12th century; Korea and Japan are also candidates. Here, the first uses was in religious practice. It was created to mimic the sound of bamboo being struck together in order to scare away evil. The artillery uses of it were not discovered for some time after it was invented. The original black powder was composed of saltpeter, charcoal, and sulphur.

Artillery and Warfare in the Renaissance

Like gunpowder, there is no exact date that we know of for when the cannon was invented. The earliest proof of anything close to a cannon is from 1327, but it is a very crude drawing of something resembling a cannon. Cannons were one of the most pivital inventions because they could blow through fortress walls without having to deal with people in the way. In the early days, a very good cannon could project up to seven stones a day.


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