Arthur and Lewis Tappan

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by swraines
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Historical biographies
Grade:
11

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Arthur and Lewis Tappan

"...we are all dwelling in one sphere of life in Him, we learn to look on every believer as our brother, in a sense that is infinitely higher than all human relationships."-Arthur Tappan

Lewis Tappan (1788–1863)

Arthur Tappan (1786-1865)

Arthur and Lewis Tappan

"If you wish to draw off the people from a bad or wicked custom, you must beat up for a march; you must make an excitement, do something that everybody will notice." -Lewis Tappan

Who was Lewis Tappan?-Congregationalist, but attracted to Unitarian ideals of peace and intellectual freedom.-Inspired by William Wilberforce, a crusader for Abolition in Great Britain.-Originally supported the American Colonization Society (ACS), which wanted to send freed slaves back to Africa.-Dropped the ACS for the "immediatist" camp, which aimed to abolish slavery in the US.-Advocated for intermarriage as a solution for racial conflict --> "copper-skinned America."

Involvement in Abolitionism:-Founded Oberlin College, which admitted students of all races and genders.-Helped found the American Missionary Association, which established more than 100 anti-slavery churches.-Created chapters of the American Anti-Slavery Society throughout New York state.-Established the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society after diverging from the AAS.-Procured high-quality lawyers for the slaves in the Amistad case, ensuring their victory.-Their churches and homes were attacked by those against Abolition, but they stuck firmly to their ideals.

Who was Arthur Tappan?-Devout Congregationalist, very strongly motivated by religious conviction.-Successful businessman, but believed that saving souls > making money.-Served as the first president of the American Anti-Slavery Society (AAS).-Resigned from the AAS because it didn't support women's rights and suffrage.-Refused to comply with the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 and instead donated his money to the Underground Railroad.

Lasting Impact:-Harbored the strongest hopes for equality for African Americans--> most radical Abolitionists.-Lewis said “When will the poor negro have his rights? Not, I believe, until he has a musket in one hand and a ballot in the other."-Upheld the Importation Clause of the Constitution through the Amistad Case, set slaves free.-Helped African Americans and women receive higher edcuation through Oberlin College.-Convinced churchgoers to support Abolition by appealing to their morals.-Defied laws and attitudes against the segregation of African Americans (civil disobedience).


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