Artemis

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by Fikry
Last updated 10 years ago

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Social Studies
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Artemis

Artemis

Artemis was one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities. Some scholars believe that the name, and indeed the goddess herself, was originally pre-Greek. Homer refers to her as Artemis Agrotera, Potnia Theron < Artemis of the wildland, Mistress of Animals". In the classical period of Greek mythology, Artemis was often described as the daughter of Zeus and Leto, and the twin sister of Apollo. She was the Hellenic goddess of the hunt, wild animals, wilderness, childbirth, virginity and young girls, bringing and relieving disease in women; she often was depicted as a huntress carrying a bow and arrows. The deer and the cypress were sacred to her. In later Hellenistic times, she even assumed the ancient role of Eileithyia in aiding childbirth.Artemis later became identified with Selene, a Titaness who was a Greek moon goddess, sometimes depicted with a crescent moon above her head. She was also identified with the Roman goddess Diana, with the Etruscan goddess Artume, and with the Greek or Carian goddess Hecate and Egyptian goddess Bastet due to the myth of battle against Typhon where she ran to Egypt and transform herself to be a cat.

According to Homeric Hymn to Artemis, she had golden bow and arrows as her epithet was Khryselakatos (Of Golden Shaft) and Iokheira (Showered by Arrows). The arrows and bow of Artemis weren't just used to hunt, but also to bring sudden death and disease to girls and women. Later, bow also became the symbol of waxing moon.Artemis was a moon goddess and she often portrayed wearing a moon crown. She, with Hecate and Selene, created a moon goddesses triad where she became the waxing moon, the moon of virgins.

Deers were often portrayed together with the goddess as see was known as Elaphobolus (Deer shooter). Four golden horned stags pulling her chariots. The third labor of Hercules was to catch Ceryneian Hind, the golden horned hind which was sacred to Artemis. Hercules had to catch it alive by order of Eurystheus. Artemis was furious and Hercules came to beg her forgiveness and promised he would bring the hind back alive. Artemis forgave him, but Eurystheus then was being the target of her wrath.

Artemis received seven female dogs and six male dogs from Pan, two black and white, three red, and one spotted. But she only brought seven dogs while hunting.

Bear was sacred to Artemis since there was a story where Artemis was playing with a she-bear until it became tame and human could caress it. But then some young girls poked the bear and angered it. The bear attacked the girls, and it provoked the anger of the her brother. He attacked the bear to its death. Artemis was furious and send plague to the village.Boar was the hardest creature to be hunted. In honor of Artemis' skill, hunters sacrifice the boars to her. Adonis was killed by the goddess with a boar.Artemis incidentally brought disease to The Meleagrides. So she took some of the survival and changed them into a Guineafowl.


Comments

  • MAKALAB 8 years ago

    MAKALAB's avatar

    OMG I LOVE Artemis she is my favorite Goddess!