Arms Race During The Cold War

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Arms Race During The Cold War

A r m s R a c eDuring the Cold War

What It WasA competition for supremacy in nuclear warfare between the United States, the Soviet Union, and their respective allies during the Cold War.

CausesThe destruction of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by America's atomic bomb in 1945 started the arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union.Effects1987: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev and U.S. President Reagan sign the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces -- the first arms accord signed by both Moscow and Washington that calls for the elimination of an entire class of weapons -- intermediate-range missiles. 1991: U.S. and Soviet Union sign the Strategic Arms Reduction Act to end the use of nuclear weapons.

Why?Fought to battle and see who has the most superior nuclear weapons. U.S. & USSR built up their stockpiles of nuclear weapons and began battling until Russia fell apart.

Took Place: August 1945

Strategic Arms Limitation TalksThe first agreements, known as SALT I and SALT II, were signed by the US and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1972. They were intended to restrain the arms race in strategic ballistic missiles armed with nuclear weapons.

John F. Kennedy: In 1961 he announced a program to build nuclear shelters and pamphlets were distributed on how to survive a nuclear war. He ended war and got both states to sign the test ban treaty.Nikita Khrushchev: President of the USSR from 1953-1964. Ordered missile launchers to be installed in Cuba secretly. Aimed to surpass US in terms of weapons production.Klaus Emil Julius Fuchs:Made significant contribution to the development of nuclear weapons.Edward Teller: Supported Ronald Reagan’s Strategic Defense Initiative.

Significance: Became the focus of the Cold War. America tested the first Hydrogen bomb in 1952, beating the Russians in the creation of the "Super Bomb". U.S. proved to the USSR that they had better nuclear weapons.


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