Arms and Armor

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by 19NICDavis
Last updated 4 years ago

Social Studies
European history

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Arms and Armor

Arms and Armor

A flail was a lot like a mace, it could be used to knock a man off his horse or to slam a foot soldier to the ground. They were made like a mace except a ball was attached by a chain to the handle.

Pikes are long spears, foot soldiers would sometimes stick them into the ground with their points directed forward to stop or kill knights on horses.

Pole-axes are a type of ax and spear, combined with a hook on the opposite side of the blade. They were used by men on the ground to tackle men on horseback.

The falchion was first used in the 1000s. It was sharpened on one side, and used with just one hand. It was really heavy and much like an ax, except a lot more helpful.

Starting in the 1300s, the swords and hilts got longer. The longswords were held in two hands, and with one swing could quickly take the enemy's head off.

The longbow was about five to six feet long. Its advantage over the smaller hand bow was that it could shoot arrows more accurately and farther.

The crossbow was shorter and easier to carry, than the hand bow. It had a device to help out the archer when drawing the string back. A soldier needed to be very strong to do so, this required up to 500 pounds of strength.

The hand bow was made form a single length of curved wood with the two ends strung together. They were very similar to what we use today, but often stronger.

Bucklers were a small shield, designed for hitting and for self-defense. They were useful for hand-to-hand combat, and could be easily carried, because they could hang from a belt.

Kite Shields had rounded tops and narrow bottoms. They were used by horsemen, when on horseback the shield would protect the rider's body and leg on one side. They could also be carried by foot soldiers.

Chain mail was made from tiny rings linked together. It was very flexible, and soldiers could move around easily, but it was too heavy to wear for extended periods of time.

Armour Plates gave extra protection to knees and elbows. They weighed about 50-60 pounds, and was a lot more comfortable than chain mail.

The great helm was worn by knights. At first it had a flat-topped helmet, but then evolved into a cone-shaped or rounded top.

The basinet, began as a smaller helmet worn under the great helm. But the great helm was often removed for hand-to-hand fighting, so the basinet was worn then.

Works Cited"Basinet." Amazon. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2015."Buckler." Pinterest. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2015.Byam, Michèle. Arms ' Armor. Rev. ed. New York: DK, 2004. Print."Chain Mail Armour." Pinterest. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2015."Cold Steel 89PA Pole Axe." Amazon. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2015.Cosman, Madeleine Peiner, and Linda Gale Jones. "Warfare and Weapons in the Middle Ages." Handbook to Life in the Medieval World. Facts on File, n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2015."Crossbow." Medieval Warfare. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2015."Flails." Medieval Weapons ' Armour. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2015."Flanged Mace." Medieval Weapons ' Armour. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2015."Great Helm." Historic Royal Places. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2015."Hand Bow." Archery, Cockfighting, and Other Sports. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2015."Kite Shield." Pinterest. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2015."Longbow." Medieval Weapons. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2015."Long Bow." Shakespearean Weapons. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2015."Longsword." Constructed Mythology. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2015.Murrell, Deborah. Weapons. Pleasantville: World Almanac Library, 2009. Print."Pike." NationStates. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2015."Plate Armour." Greenwich Armour. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Jan. 2015.


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