Arctic Fox

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Arctic Fox

Arctic Fox

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Scientific nameVulpes lagopus* *lagopus means"rabbit foot" a reference to the thick hair on the pads of the animal's feet.

Also known as the white fox, polar fox, or snow fox.

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HabitatThe Arctic fox has a circumpolar range, meaning that it is found throughout the entire Arctic, including the outer edges of Greenland, Russia, Canada, Alaska,Iceland, Norway,Sweden, Finland and Svalbard.

DietArctic foxes eat a wide variety of things, including lemmings(small rodent), birds and their eggs, carrion(dead animal that becomes food for other animals), and berries.Lemmings are the most common prey. A family of foxes can eat dozens of lemmings each day. During April and May the arctic fox also preys on ringed seal pups when the young animals are confined to a snow den and are mostly helpless. Fish beneath the ice are also part of its diet. They also eat and seaweed and may thus be considered omnivores.

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DescriptionThe Arctic Fox is a small fox native to the Arctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere that changes color with the seasons: in the winter it is white to blend in with snow, while in the summer it is brown, remaining whitish underneath.The average length is 85.3 cm.The tail length is 31cm for adult male foxes and 30cm for adult female foxes.It is 25–30 cm high shoulder.On average males weigh 3.5 kg, with a range of 3.2 to 9.4 kg, while females average 2.9 kg, with a range of 1.4 to 3.2 kg.They are a about the size of a cat.Since less of its surface area is exposed to the arctic cold, less heat escapes the body. Its furry paws allow it to walk on ice in search of food. The arctic fox has such keen hearing that it can precisely locate the position of prey under the snow. When it finds prey, it pounces and punches through the snow to catch its victim. Its fur changes color with the seasons: in the winter it is white to blend in with snow, while in the summer it is brown.

Life cycleFirst,a male and female artic fox mate making the female pregnant. Second,the mom builds a den.Third,the arctic fox gives birth 6-12 babies.Fourth,the dad takes care of the mom and the babies, by protecting them and bringing home food.Fifth,at four weeks old the babies start leaving the den,finally the young start hunting on their own!

ThreatsPolution of habitats,loss of habitats,Gobal Warming and hunting them for their meat.The Arctic fox was impacted tremendously by the fur trade because of its extremely high quality fur. It's still hunted now for its fur, particularly by native populations who live close to them. The fur trade has decreased a big number as the number of Arctic foxes have decreased. Tempuratures in the Arctic are rising at twice the rate of the rest of the world. Warming temperatures are linked to many changes in the Arctic, including reduced sea ice,and rising sea levels.

Arctic fox in summer.

Arctic fox in the winter.

Please save the Arctic foxes!!!

Arctic fox cubs!!!


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