[2015] Richard Schumacher: Arabic Language

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by klillieFRED
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[2015] Richard Schumacher: Arabic Language

Arabic is considered to be a stressed timed languageStress placement is on the last heavy syllable (MSA) has six pure vowelsFinal short vowels are not often pronounced. When it comes to informal Arabic, almost every Arabic speaking nation has their own variation of phonetic vowel pronunciation.

Sentences are categorized into nominal, verbal, and vocative sentences.Noun sentences do not contain verbsLarger sentences are described by conjoining sentences or embedding simpler sentences.

Arabic Language

Arabic has 2 kinds of syllables: Open and Closed(CVC) (CVVC) (CVCC)Similar to other languages in the Semitic Language family, Arabic has nonconcatenative morphology.There are three main consonants: KTBArabic is a heavily morpheme driven langugage, this means that changing the end morpheme of a word changes the meaning of the root word in many cases. The impact of morphemes entails that spelling errors will have a large impact on meaning.

Pronunciation of Arabic Alphabet





Sitti's Secrets

1. على عيني وراسي (‘ala ‘aini wa raasi) — On my head and my eyes.2. أكل إسفين (Aakala Isfeen) — They ate a wooden wedge.3. باعه بقشرة بصلة (baa’hu beqishra basala) — They sold them for an onion peel.4. حطه في دوّامة (hattathu fii dawwaama ) — It put them in a whirlpool.5. حفف دمه (haffaffa damhu) — They lightened their blood.

RESOURCES Games & PracticeEnglish Media LabESL TowerPhoneticsCambridge Online - Phonetics Sounds of EnglishESL TowerVocabularyMany Things!


Sitti's Secrets Lesson Plan This lesson focuses on a story written by a Palestinian American Poet The story is about a little girl who visits her grandmother in Palestine, and is thinking through how cultural differences make her grandma unique. Students are asked to create a bilingual glossary of words they dont understand from the storyThe second activity is a storyboarding excercise that allows students to tell their own stories similar to Monas from the book.

Arabic is written from right to left. Non-Standard Arabic varies greatly in dialect from region to region.Arabic students dont learn to write as early in school as American students. The spoken word is focused on first. In most regions, students learn Modern Standard Arabic as their form of acadmic or formal writing.

Ideas for TeachersForming healthy communication with parents is beneficial.Parents can be encouraged to read to their children in Arabic at home. Focus on determiners early on! Arabic has one determiner al- (close in meaning to the), but no articles similar to a or an. Homophones are not as present in Arabic. So another early lesson of Emerging students could be common homophones in English.


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