Aqua Claudia

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Aqua Claudia

Aedificare aquaeductum est aedificare imperium.

Romans were experts at making aqueducts although they did not invent them. Most aqueducts ran underground to preserve the purity of the water and to protect the water from enemy poisoning. Construction of aqueducts was a favorite project of Roman engineers. The most famous remains of Roman aqueducts had huge arches although the above ground aqueducts was a small portion of the tunnels.

• Built by Emperors Caligula and Claudius to transport water from Subiaco to Rome (45 miles).• Began construction in 38 A.D. by Caligula. Finalized between the years 47 and 52. • The "finest of all Roman aqueducts".• Some of its arches reach up to 100 feet. • Connected to the Anio Novus aqueduct.• Estimated that 350,000,000 gallons were carried into Rome daily.• Water was used for fountains, baths, and more.

Aqua Claudia

•The Aqua Claudia was used continuously for ten years.• In 71 the "water supply failed", and was restored by Vespasian.• After another ten years, it was fixed again by Titus.. • The first aqueduct was made in 312 BC• The Aqua Claudia was originally made out of low-quality materials, which explains it's multiple collapses.

Background Information

Health and Design

"When Rome was besieged by the Barbarian invasions, one of the first things they did was to cut the aqueducts into the city."

Although health of one's family resided in the home, the well being of the Romans depended on their resources. The populace's mostly benefitted from Roman technology, especially aqueducts. The aqueducts provided Rome with a seemingly safe water supply but contammination occured when lead from the pipes seeped into the water. The aqueducts supplied the public bathes and latrines which could sometimes be a disaster when doctors sent sick patients to get a treatment there. The crowded bath houses were supplied with water unclean by current standards but was very sanitary for the Romans.

Cleaning Water1. The Romans used settling basins, which acted as pools to slow the water down. This process would remove impurities. Generally, the water was constantly moving, and only occasionally was it required to shut it off. When the pace of the water slowed, the impurites would drop out of it. 2. Today, we use the process of aeration to purify water. The Romans (whether they knew this or not) were also using this process. The aqueducts were exposed to the outside air as it traveled to Rome. 3. The aqueducts also had zigzags constructed in it (this process replaced the settling basin). The zigzags (like the basins) would slow the water down and allow the sand and dirt to drop out of the water. It was the job of Slaves to enter the aqueducts and remove the impurities that had collected in the bottom of the aqueduct.

Romans impoorved their concrete to build hundreds of miles of aqueducts. The water ran from inhabited regions of Italy to the city of Rome, carrying about 300 million gallons of water a day. The process relyed completely on the power of gravity and presicion of calculations. The Romans understood hydrolic engineering, a technology that was nessecary for the Romans to improve their aqueducts. They calculated the downward angle required to transport water over long distances without running it into the ground before it arrived at its intended destination.

Aqueducts start at 14:05

Without assist from aqueducts, the Romans would not have been able to construct cities as large as they did, and a few cities would not have even existed.

by Katie Cronin, Haley Nolan, and Eve Elizondo


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