Apollo

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by LilManGooden
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Ancient History
Grade:
7

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Apollo

Biography

APOLLON (or Apollo) was the great Olympian god of prophecy and oracles, healing, plague and disease, music, song and poetry, archery, and the protection of the young. He was depicted as a handsome, beardless youth with long hair and various attributes including:--a wreath and branch of laurel; bow and quiver; raven; and lyreHis birth on the island of Delos;

Myth

1001 - Apollo Birth1002 - The Slaying of the Python1003 - The Slaying of Tityos1004 - The Music Contest1005 - His Love for Daphne1006 - The Murder of the Kyklopes1007 - His Struggle With Herakles1008 - The Destruction of the Niobides1009 - Apollo Helps Paris Slay Akhilleus1010 - The Trojan War

The Python of Delphi was a creature with the body of a snake. This creature dwelled on Mount Parnassus, in central Greece. Wherever it went, it diffused an obnoxious smell and spread mischief and death.Python was once sent out by Hera, the wife of Zeus, in order to chase the pregnant Leto, a lover of Zeus, so that she couldn't settle anywhere to give birth. By the time Apollo, the son of Leto, was only four days old, he was already a strong boy. A silver bow with golden arrows, given to him by the blacksmith Hephaestus, made the young god decide to kill Python and take revenge. Soon, Apollo went to the creature’s cave to seek after Python. When the creature faced Apollo, it started boiling with rage and lunged at Apollo to devour him. But Apollo was faster and managed to throw an arrow to Python, piercing him right on its forehead. Python cried of terror and his scream could be heard all over the canyons of Mount Parnassus. It struggled hard to survive... but in the end it surrendered to death. The death of the Python filled Apollo with joy, so he happily took his lyre and started playing a song of victory, giving joy to people all around. This was the moment where Apollo became the god of the Music. Right after he finished his song, Apollo took the creature and buried it under the slopes of Mount Parnassus. On its surface he built the oracle of Delphi,which is also known as the "Pythia". However, Apollo had committed a crime and, according to the laws of Mount Olympus, he needed to be purified. Therefore, Zeus ordered from Apollo to institute the Pythian Games at Delphi so that athletic and musical competitions could be hosted. Apollo followed the order and he even took part in the games himself. From then on, the Pythian Games were held every four years in Apollo's honor.

Affect of the Python

The death of the Python filled Apollo with joy, so he happily took his lyre and started playing a song of victory, giving joy to people all around. This was the moment where Apollo became the god of the Music.

Famous Myths

■The slaying of the serpent Python which guarded the oracular shrine of Delphoi;■The slaying of the giant Tityos who attempted to carry off the god's mother Leto;■The destruction of the Niobides whose mother had offended Leto with her boasts;■His music contest with the satyr Marsyas who lost and was flayed alive; ■His love for the youth Hyakinthos who was killed by a discus throw and transformed into a flower;■His love for the nymph Daphne who fled from him and was transformed into a laurel tree;■His love for Koronis who was slain by Artemis for her infidelity;■The murder of the Kyklopes who had forged the lightning bolt used to destroy his son Asklepios;■ His service as bondsman to the mortal Admetos;■ His struggle with Herakles for the Delphic tripod; ■ The Trojan War in which he brought plague to the Greeks and helped Paris slay Akhilleus.

Timeline

Apollo Video

Apollo


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