Apartheid is South Africa

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by SyazwaniRafhanah
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
African-American History

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Apartheid is South Africa

APARTHEID IN SOUTH AFRICA

Laws formalized during Apartheid• Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, Act No 55 of 1949• Immorality Amendment Act, Act No 21 of 1950; amended in 1957 (Act 23)• Population Registration Act, Act No 30 of 1950• Group Areas Act, Act No 41 of 1950• Suppression of Communism Act, Act No 44 of 1950• Bantu Building Workers Act, Act No 27 of 1951• Separate Representation of Voters Act, Act No 46 of 1951• Prevention of Illegal Squatting Act, Act No 52 of 1951• Bantu Authorities Act, Act No 68 of 1951• Natives Laws Amendment Act of 1952• Natives (Abolition of Passes and Co-ordination of Documents) Act, Act No 67 of 1952• Native Labour (Settlement of Disputes) Act of 1953• Bantu Education Act, Act No 47 of 1953• Reservation of Separate Amenities Act, Act No 49 of 1953• Natives Resettlement Act, Act No 19 of 1954• Group Areas Development Act, Act No 69 of 1955• Natives (Prohibition of Interdicts) Act, Act No 64 of 1956• Bantu Investment Corporation Act, Act No 34 of 1959• Extension of University Education Act, Act 45 of 1959• Promotion of Bantu Self-Government Act, Act No 46 of 1959• Coloured Persons Communal Reserves Act, Act No 3 of 1961• Preservation of Coloured Areas Act, Act No 31 of 1961• Urban Bantu Councils Act, Act No 79 of 1961• Terrorism Act of 1967• Bantu Homelands Citizens Act of 1970

Apartheid LawAfter the Second World War, the National Party came to power in 1948 on a ticket of racial segregation and support for poor Afrikaners.A large number of laws were passed to establish the apartheid structure of government. The three most important blocks of legislation were:The Race Classification Act. Every citizen suspected of not being European was classified according to race.The Mixed Marriages Act. It prohibited marriage between people of different races.The Group Areas Act. It forced people of certain races into living in designated areas.

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THE STRANGE WORLD OF RACIAL CLASSIFICATIONThe apartheid regime had a number of pseudo scientific tests(fake tests) for classifying people as belonging to one of four main groups: White, Black, Indian, Coloured (mixed race). One of these tests involved putting a comb through hair - if it got stuck, that meant the person being tested was identified as African.

THE ROLE OF THE CHURCHThe Afrikaner sense of identity is tied up closely with Christian worship. This religiosity sat curiously alongside a strong conviction in white racial superiority.In 1957, the Native Laws Amendment Act contained a 'Church Clause' which allowed Africans to be barred from a service if they were considered to be 'causing a nuisance'.

Group 2 : Syazwani, Fransi, Delcy, Chance3E1/2

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