Apache

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by ejayydevaughn
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World Culture
Grade:
8

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Apache

In 1620, the Apaches began to spread over the plains of southern New Mexico (Mesacalero Apache), southwestern Texas (Lipan Apache), northern New Mexico near the Rio Grande (Jicarilla Apache), the desert of New Mexico (Mescalero Apache), and in Arizona (Western Apache), creating the Grand Apacheria.(pg.22)Bial, Raymond. The Apache. Tarrytown, NY: Benchmark Books, 2001. Print.

This is an example of the Apache housing called Wickiups; these large huts sheltered entire famililes from the heat of the desert sun and occasionally the rain and cold. (pg.30)Bial, Raymond. The Apache. Tarrytown, NY: Benchmark Books, 2001. Print.

Apache Housing

ApacheE-Jayy De'VaughnMs. Quirarte Period F

The Grand Apacheria

Shades

Daily Life

Indengenous Autonomy Lost?

When the Spanish conquistadors came they influenced the Apache civilazation in both a positive and negative way. When the Spanish invaders first journeyed northward from New Spain, they inhabited the Apache pueblos and stole corn and cotton clothing from the many civilazations. Furthermore, they also took food supplies from the Apache, and if the Apache people refused they were severly punished. The Apache's first effort to avoid the Spanish was by moving from place to place, but they eventually had to deal with the Spanish intrusion in their territories, so they fought back. They first clashed with the Spanish in 1599, and soon learned the value of horses, which was a positive influence because prior to this new found knowledge, dogs were their only domesticated animals. However, Spainards continued to raid on Apache villages by capturing and selling them into slavery. But the Apaches continued to fight back , and during this time no village or road was safe; herds of sheep and cattle disappeared during the night, which forced people to abandon their villages. The Apache then began a Pueblo Revolt, in which they tried to drive the Spaniards completely out of New Mexico. The Spainards retalliated, and forced the Eastern Apache to evade thier villages, which depleted their hunting of Buffalo and forced them to trade with the Spanish, in order to aquire various neccessitties. All in all, when the Spaniards invaded the Apache civilazation, the Apache's long road to the loss of indengenous autonomy was mostly negative with various postives along the way.Bial, Raymond. The Apache. Tarrytown, NY: Benchmark Books, 2001. Print.

-BirthIn the Apache civilazation, a mother who was expecting wore a maternity belt made of various fabrics that were believed to eliminate difficulty when having birth. Furthermore, the baby was delivered by a medicine man or a midwife. When the baby was born, it was placed in a cradle. To amuse the baby and bring good fortune, small charms such as small bags of pollen, squirrel tails, etc. were hung from the hood of the cradle. Overall, a newborn was looked after with great care and was loved unconditionally. -ChildrenChildren were loved and cherished by the members of their family band. From ages 4-7, boys and girls ran and swam to strengthen themselves. Moreover, when boys turned 8 they began hunting with bows and arrows. On the other hand, when Apache girls turned 8 they were trained by their mothers to care for the household duties.-Hunting and GatheringIn the Apache civilazation, men hunted Buffalo (their main source of meat), deer, atelope, elk, mountain sheep and goats. While women gathered various crops, including: century plant, cactus, fruit, grapes, acorns, pine nuts, mesquite pods and walnuts.-MarriageMarriages were usually arranged by the young man's parents, after the couple had met eachother. Unmarried women were carefully watched by their relatives but young people met at religious ceremonies. Marrying couples did not have wedding ceremonies but they simply moved in to the man's Wickiup. All in all, marriages usually lasted an entire lifetime and were very succesful.Bial, Raymond. The Apache. Tarrytown, NY: Benchmark Books, 2001. Print.

This is an example of the shelters families built in their backyards, known as shades; they were used for resting and women wove baskets and sometimes cooked meals under them. (pg.33)Bial Raymond. The Apache. Tarrytown, NY: Benchmark Books, 2001.Print.

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