Aortic Aneurysm

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by parkepper
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health

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Aortic Aneurysm

Symptoms

Aortic Aneurysm

Men are four times as more likely to have aneurysms than women. They are most commonly found in white people ages 50-58. Aneurysms that measure 6cm or more have a 20% chance of rupturing within a year. -Being over 65 -High blood preasure-Being male -Family history, parent/sibiling-Smoking

Who's at risk?

Most patients do not have symptoms, but as the anuerysm gets bigger and preasure increases on the surrounding organs symptoms can begin to include-Weakness-Sweating-Tachycardia-Hypotension

American Heart Association (www.heart.org) provides help for physical activity, diet, broucher, and info about support groups, an community programs. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (www.nhlbi.nih.gov) provides information center, information/publications about preventing and treating heart disease. Mended Hearts (www.mendedhearts.org) provides heart disease patients with stories of inspiration, provides education/resources, and has a weekly newsletter

What I think will happen?

PathophysiologyThe three types of aortic aneurysms are -Saccular-Fusiform-FalseIn a saccular aneurysm the outpouching occurs in the arterial wall. In a Fusiform aneurysm the outpouching appears spindle shaped and encompasses the entire aortic circumference. In a false aneurysm the outpouching occurs when the entire vessel wall is injured and leads to a sac formation affecting the artery and heart.Weakness in the muscular layrer of the aorta occurs due to degenerative changes. This allows the inner and outer layer to stretch outward. An abnormal dilation in the arterial wall occures in the aorta, between the renal arteries and the iliac branches. Blood preasure within the aorta progressively weakens the vessel walls and enlarges the aneurysm. Anuerysms can dissect or rip when bleeding into the weakend artery causing the artery wall to slpit

Support for sufferers and families

WORK CITEDEmedicineHealthwww.medscape.comMayo ClinicPathophysiology made Incredibly Easy

Famous SuffererAlbert Einstein had an aneursym that measured 12cm in diameter. He had surgery where a doctor wrapped the anuersym in cellophane, which prolonged his life for over 5 years. He died on April 17th, 1955 from his aortic aneurysm.

Test, DiagnosisRarely symptoms. It is mostly detected on accident with xrays or physical exams. Ultrasound can determine size, shape and location of the aneurysm. Aortography shows the condition of the vessels next to and the extent of the aneurysm.

TreatmentSmall aneurysms are monitored for a while and medication can be administered to help. Large aneurysms are surgically removed and replaced with a graft.PrognosisAneurysms can grow over time. Most sufferers fully recover after surgery. Older people experience longer recovery times and can experience more hardships.

Doctors at Mayo Clinic trained in heart surgery and heart diseases are researching new and improved diagnosis and treatment options for AA.

2nd Century- Antyllus first recorded the cause and treatment of an aortic aneurysm. 1555- Vesalius was first to diagnose an abdominal aortic aneurysm.1728- Lancisi published a text on the pathology of aneurysms. 1817- Astley Cooper was first to ligate the aorta for aneurysm 1923-Matas performed the first successful complete ligation of the aorta1952- Aurther Voorhees inserted 1st synthetic graft innto a ruptured aortic aneurysm


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