Antoine Lavoisier

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by esmurdoco367
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Chemistry
Grade:
10

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Antoine Lavoisier

Down below is a video of Antoine Lavoisier describing in depth The Law of Conservation of Mass that he discovered in 1785. This theory is tells us why matter is conserved; and that atoms are neither created nor destroyed in a chemical reaction.

Antoine Lavoisier was born in Paris, France on August 26, 1743, and lived in France throughout this life.

Antoine Lavoisier named the elements of Carbon, Oxygen(1778),and Hydrogen. (1783)and many more.

Antoine Lavoisier

Olivia Esmurdoc Period 2

Also he came up with the theory of combustion. Combustion is a chemical reaction that occurs between a fuel and an oxidizing agent that produces energy, usually in the form of heat and light.

Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier conducts an experiment on human respiration in this drawing made by his wife, who depicted herself at the table on the far right.

Lavoisier died by being decapitated by a guillotine on May 8, 1794. A year later, it was stated that he was falsely accused.

Lavoisiers wife is standing next to to him this photo and she is Marie-Anne Paulze Lavoisier.

'The Father of Modern Chemistry'

His wife,Marie, translated English research documents into French, so Lavoisier could understand them. Also, she drew illustrations for his scientific papers.

He demonstrated that sulfur was an element rather than a compound.

Lavoisier did experiments with breathing and showed that we breathe in oxygen and breathe out carbon dioxide.

He worked as commissioner of the French Gunpowder Commission for many years.

Fun Facts

He became a lawyer in 1764, and worked for the French Government in both farming and taxation.

He was awarded a gold medal for improved street lighting in Paris. He was also elected as a junior member of the Academy of Sciences, the most important scientific institution in France.

Click to see Referenceshttps://docs.google.com/document/d/1SThlRtt_9Li9zLeXBTxKPu2qgQXeqo0CxLBNU9UrhhY/edit?usp=sharing

Lavoisier would study off of Joseph Priestley(1733–1804) documentation because Priestley is known for his discovery of the gas that would later be named oxygen.


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