Antoine Lavoisier

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Antoine Lavoisier

Antoine Lavoisier

Personal Facts

Revolutionized chemistry.Named the elements carbon, hydrogen, sulfur and oxygen.Discovered the role of oxygen in the human body.Established that water is a compound of the two elements that he founded, hydrogen and oxygen.Helped chemistry transform to qualitative to quantitative.He learned that the mass of products in a reaction are equal to the mass of the reactants. This became known as the Law of Conservation of Mass.Experimented with human breathing and found that we breathe in oxygen and breathe out carbon dioxide.Established that sulfur is an element rather than a compound. He made extensive experiments that state that sulfur cannot be broken down into simpler substances.Served on the French Academy of Sciences which developed the metric system.

1777 coined the name sulfur.1779 coined the name oxygen.1785 discovered the Law of Conservation of Mass.1783 coined the name hydrogen.1783 Reflections on Phlogiston disproved.1789 published Elementary Treatise on Chemistry1791 served on the committee of the French Academy of Sciences

Important Facts

Did not receive a medal, but a medal named after him. The Lavoisier Medal is an award made by a person or a group of people for achievements in anything related to chemistry.Issued by the Société Française de Chimie, ISBC(International Society for Biological Calorimetry), and DuPont.

Only had one spouse: Marie-Anne Paulze Lavoisier(m. 1771-1794).Was influenced by notable chemists like John Dalton, Joseph Priestley, Guillaume-Francois Rouelle.Discovered love for science while attending college. Initially wanted to follow his father’s footsteps by earning a law degree.Set up a laboratory in 1775 in Paris where he can do his experiments. It became popular enough that it became a gathering place for scientists in France.Worked as a commissioner of the French Gunpowder Commision for many years.Listed “light” as an element.

Born: August 26, 1743, Paris, FranceDied: May 8, 1794, Paris, FranceNationality: French

Dates of contributions

Major awards

Bryan Samuel Dela Cruz Chemistry HonorsMrs. NauglePeriod 1

Biography

References

Henry La ChatelierBest known for his work on chemical equilibrium, a state in which reactants participating in a chemical reaction exhibit no net change over time.This is related to Lavoisier because of his studies of the Law of Conservation of Mass.Walther NernstBest known for his Third Law of Thermodynamics, which states that it is impossible to attain the temperature of absolute zero in any real experiment.This is related to Lavoisier because Nernst law is based and follows Lavoisier’s law and studies of physical chemistry.Eric DrexlerBest known to be the ‘father of nanotechnology” and the founder of principles of molecular engineering and outlined the path for the concept of nanotechnologies.This is related to Lavoisier because it follows the Law of the Conservation of Mass principle and the metric system that Lavoisier has contributed greatly on.Johannes BronstedBest known for his work on the theory of acids and bases and his demonstration of how useful it was to define an acid as a proton donor and a base as a proton acceptor. This is related to Lavoisier because the acids and bases theory are tested on elements coined by Lavoisier which are oxygen and hydrogen.Martin LowryBest known for his studies changes in optical rotation caused by acid- and base-catalyzed reactions of camphor derivatives, which led to his formulation of the protonic definition of acids and bases in 1923.This is related to Lavoisier because the acids and bases theory are tested on elements coined by Lavoisier which are oxygen and hydrogen.Svante ArrheniusBest known for his theory of electrolytic dissociation and his model of the greenhouse effect.This is related to Lavoisier because the greenhouse effect recalls aspects that Lavoisier has ruled such as gases such as hydrogen and oxygen which plays a major part in the greenhouse effect.Gilbert LewisBest known for his contributions to chemical thermodynamics, the electron-pair model of the covalent bond, the electronic theory of acids and bases, the separation and study of deuterium and its compounds, and his work on phosphorescence and the triplet state (in which the quantum number for total spin angular momentum is 1).This is related to Lavoisier because, like Lowry, Bronsted, and Arrhenius, they all have worked on acids and bases which use Lavoisier’s discovery of hydrogen and oxygen.

http://www.famousscientists.org/antoine-lavoisier/http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/biography/Lavoisier.htmlhttp://www.chemheritage.org/discover/online-resources/chemistry-in-history/themes/early-chemistry-and-gases/lavoisier.aspxhttp://www.britannica.com/biography/Antoine-Laurent-Lavoisierhttp://www.ducksters.com/biography/scientists/antoine_lavoisier.phphttp://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/landmarks/lavoisier.htmhttp://www.researchgate.net/publication/30527773_Between_economics_and_chemistry_Lavoisier's_and_Le_Chatelier's_notions_of_equilibriumhttp://www.chemistryexplained.com/Kr-Ma/Le-Ch-telier-Henri.htmlhttp://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Walther_Hermann_Nernst.aspxhttp://www.scientificamerican.com/article/henry-walter-nernst/http://metamodern.com/about-the-author/https://books.google.com/books?id=N9ifbmgWLAIC&pg=PA106&lpg=PA106&dq=drexler+and+lavoisier&source=bl&ots=b1mFJy0COY&sig=ZvyRgU9N6nbThB64O-1T0JeKCUc&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAWoVChMIwYKDhvyEyQIVT8RjCh3iKAlB#v=onepage&q=drexler%20and%20lavoisier&f=falsehttp://www.chemistryexplained.com/Bo-Ce/Br-nsted-Johannes-Nicolaus.htmlhttp://chemistry.bd.psu.edu/jircitano/Lowry.htmlhttp://www.britannica.com/biography/Svante-August-Arrheniushttp://www.chemistryexplained.com/Kr-Ma/Lewis-Gilbert-N.htmlhttp://www.britannica.com/biography/Gilbert-N-Lewis

Associated scientists


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