Antimony

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by bethanylovell
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Chemistry
Grade:
10

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Antimony

Antimony

The origin of the name comes from the Greek words "anti" and "monos" which mean "not alone" because it is not found alone in nature.

The origin of the symbol comes the Latin word "stibium" (which previously was its historic name.)

Color: A Silver Shiny Grey

-Melting Point: 630.63 C or 1167.13 F.-Boiling Point: 1587 C or 2889 F.-State at Room Temperature: solid.

Neutrons: 70 in the most abundant isotope

Atomic Mass: 121.760

Protons and Electrons: 51

Fun Fact: One of the minerals in Antimony is stibnite, its most important one, which was used as the base of black eye makeup during the Biblical times.

3 uses of Antimony:1. It is used in alloys containing lead, mostly in batteries, to add a smooth and hard finish.2. It is a part of the tin and copper alloys in "Babbit metals," which are used as bearings.3. When it's in antimony trioxide, it can be a flame retardant in cloths, plastics, adhesives, and rubber.

Most common oxidation numbers: +5, +3, -3.

The discoverer of Antimony was Nicolas Lemery, a French chemist, who was the first to scientifically analyze and study antimony and its compounds which he published in the 18th century around 1707 in his book Treatise on Antimony.

Full electron configuration: 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p3

Electron Dot Structure

3 compounds Antimony is used in: Antimony trifluoride, Antimony pentaiodide, and diantimony trisulphide.


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