Antecedents

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by anhaaland
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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Historical biographies

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Antecedents

Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi

4 Antecedents that have had a great impact on the philosophy of education as well as pedagogy

Eloquence too is needed, and in no small measure, to give a proper and fluent explanation of the various matters mentioned.

Believed children needed to be well developed intellectually, morally, & physicallyTaught sensory activities versus memorization activitiesEstablished an institution that was shut down after 5 years due to lack of funds

Marcus Quintilian

Believed that all subjects were important but that a mastery of literature and grammar were key to a deeper understanding

Lev Vygotsky

Developed zone of proximal development

Every function in the child’s cultural development appears twice: first, on the social level, and later, on the individual level; first, between people (interpsychological) and then inside the child (intrapsychological). This applies equally to voluntary attention, to logical memory, and to the formation of concepts. All the higher functions originate as actual relationships between individuals.

Taught children in the ghetto of Rome to read, write, and respect themselves; often criticized for being too harsh, but her methods effective

I studied my children, and they taught me how to teach them.

Maria Montessori


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