Antebellum America: Anti-slavery Political Parties

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Antebellum America: Anti-slavery Political Parties

Antebellum America

PlatformFree Soil: “Free men on free soil comprised a morally and economically superior system to slavery.”Republican: Opposed expansion of slavery into territories

CauseThe issue of slavery had split the two strong national parties - Whig Party and the Democratic Party - from which people of Free-Soil and Republican parties originated. (The Southern faction of the Whigs and the Democrats splintered as its members were proslavery, while the Northern faction wanted a political alternative. Although not abolitionists, northern Whigs and Democrats opposed expansion of slavery into the western territories.)

Date EstablishedFree-Soil: 1848 Republican: 1854

Events Leading Up to the Civil War: Antislavery Political Parties


Free-Soil vs. Republican

Project byMarvin Kweon, Sally HuoG10 USH w/ Ms.Gillette

BibliographyDanzer, Gerald A. "Chapter 10 Section 3 The Birth of the Republican Party." The Americans. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 2005. 318-21. Print."Free-Soil Party." Infoplease. Infoplease, n.d. Web. 06 May 2015."Martin Van Buren." A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 06 May 2015."Republican Party Founded." A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 06 May 2015."Whigs and Democrats." Boundless. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 May 2015.

EffectDissentions (disagreement) within political parties triggered offshoots of new antislavery parties (led antislavery Whigs and Democrats to join Republican coalition) which divided up the nation both politically and regionally (sectionalized the nation).

Quote“That party … now embraces every Northern man who does not want to see the government converted into a huge engine for the spread of slavery over the whole continent, every man … opposed to … the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska bill.” From The Coming of the Civil War by Horace Greely, the Founder of Republican Party

Martin Van Buren*Free-Soils Nominee*Former Member of the Democratic Party*Considered slavery as "morally wrong but sanctioned by the constitution"

AnalysisThe nation was divided up hugely already with slavery issues. The Free-Soils and the Republicans both opposed extension of slavery. When Abraham Lincoln, a Republican, was first elected president, southerners saw this as a huge threat to slavery upon which their entire economy was based. Outraged, southern states declared secession from the union, which was an outbreak of the American Civil War. Emergence of antislavery parties provided basis for further discordance between the North and the South.

John C. Fremont*Republican Nominee*Had mapped the Oregon Trail and led U.S. troops into California (HERO OF WAR WITH MEXICO)*Former Whig Member


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