Antarctic Exploration & Conservation

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by SissonW
Last updated 4 years ago

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Antarctic Exploration & Conservation

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By dogsled, a Norwegain team of 5, led by Roald Amundsen were the first to arrive at the South Pole on December 14, 1911. Though he took many notes and eventually wrote a book about this expedition, he is only known to have takentwo photographs of this trip. This trip went the smoothestof any other attempt of exploring this area, and returned allteam members alive.

Richard E. Byrd, led "Operation High Jump" between 1946-1947, which was a sea and air led exploration with 13 ships and 25 airplanes. This was actually an expedition headed by the United States Navy. The primary purpose of this trip was to explore the Antarctic area and find the best place for Antarctic research base, Little America IV.

Ernest Shackleton led an exploration of the entire continent in 1914, which was trapped by packed ice before reaching the final destination. They camped out on sea ice, and then eventually look lifeboats to their final destination, Elephant Island. This open boat journey was risky business, for the closest help, if needed, was 720 nautical miles away.

The Antarctic Krill Conservation Project was created in order to establish an ecosystem based management program for krill in this area. Krill are the bottom building block for all food chains inthe Antarctic. This is necessary because these aquatic organisms are being capturedat an increased rate to be used in human developed health supplements as well asfeed for other captured aquatic species. This project is international and 25 nations, including the US, are taking part in helpingit thrive.

The Trans Antarctic Expedition in 1955-1958 completed the first overland crossing of Antarctica through the South Poleby motorized vehicle.Though it was a private expeditioon, it was spondosred by a handful of countries. This expedition was headed by Dr. Vivian Fuchs, who ended up being knightedby Queen Elizabeth II for his accomplishment. This was a ratherlarge expedition party, consisting of 12 people and 6 vehicles.

From 1991-1992, the Eleventh Soviet Antarctic Expedition took place. This expedition was for the sole purpose of the research of the climate, the northern lights, cosmic rays, radio waves and the geomagnetic field. Also during this expedition, SODAR was installed, which is used as a wind profiler to measure the scattering of sound waves by atmospheric turbulence.

An International Polar Year spanning from 2007-2008 allowed researchers to stay in the Antarctic during the summer and winter seasons and work. These IPY's are international programs focused on the exploration, study of and conservation of the Arctic areas. Raw data is documented and then studied at later dates in order to survey as much of the area as possible in the two allotted years.

The New Zealand Geological Survery Antarctic Expedition set out 1966 and surveyed many Arctic areas by plane and by foot. More specifically they spotted Marble Peak, a massive coastal peak that overlooked the head of the Ross Ice Shelf, the largest ice shelf in all of Antarctica. This expedition discovered and named several Arctic landforms.

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ANTARCT ICEXPLORATION' CONSERVATION

The German Antarctic Expedition in 1938 was led by AlfredRitscher. This was an air expedition and the ultimate goal was to fly over over as much of the polar region as possible. In total, 350, 000 square kilometers of Antarctica were photographed by Ritscher.

The first man to ever cross Antarctica solo was Norwegian explorer Borge Ousland, in 1997. He covered a distance of 2,845 kilometers and received no outside help with supplies during this 64 day trip.Because of this accomplishment, he is considered to be the leading polar explorer of our time.

Marble Peak -->

Princess ElizabethStation built for IPYresearch in 2007 -->


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