Animal Vs Plant Cell

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by Austin07497
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Cell Biology
Grade:
12

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Animal Vs Plant Cell

Plant cell

Plant Cells

Animal Cells

Animal cells are eukaryotic cells, or cells with a membrane-bound nucleus. Unlike prokaryotic cells, DNA in animal cells is housed within the nucleus. In addition to having a nucleus, animal cells also contain other membrane-bound organelles, or tiny cellular structures, that carry out specific functions necessary for normal cellular operation. Organelles have a wide range of responsibilities that include everything from producing hormones and enzymes to providing energy for animal cells.

Plant cells are eukaryotic cells , or cells with a membrane-bound nucleus. Unlike prokaryotic cells , the DNA in a plant cell is housed within the nucleus. In addition to having a nucleus, plant cells also contain other membrane-bound organelles, or tiny cellular structures, that carry out specific functions necessary for normal cellular operation. Organelles have a wide range of responsibilities that include everything from producing hormones and enzymes to providing energy for a plant cell.

Plant Cell StructureThe plant cell wall is composed of cellulose. Cellulose is a structural carbohydrate and is considered a complex sugar because it is used in both protection and structure. The plant cell wall consists of three layers. Each layer has its own unique structure and function. The layers may vary depending on the type of plant and its needs.Animal Cell StructureAll animal cells are multicellular. They are eukaryotic cells. Animal cells are surrounded by plasma membrane and it contains the nucleus and organelles that are membrane bound.Animal cells are of various sizes and have irregular shapes. Most of the cells size range between 1 and 100 micrometers and are visible only with help of microscope. Trillions of cells are found in the human body. There are many different types of cells, approximately 210 distinct cell types in adult human body

Animal Cell Functions and PartsCell membrane - forms the outer covering of the cell, and is semi-permeable.Cytoplasm - is a gel-like matrix where all the other cell organelles are suspended inside the cell.Nucleus - contains the hereditary material DNA and directs the activities of the cell.Centrioles - organize the microtubules assembly during cell division.Endoplasmic Reticulum - are a network of membranes composed of rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum.Golgi complex - is responsible for storing, packaging of cellular products.Lysosomes - are enzyme sacs, that digest cellular wastes.Microtubules - are hollow rods, function primarily as support and shape to the cell.Mitochondria - is the site for cellular respiration and producers of energy.Ribosomes - are made of RNA and proteins, and are sites for protein synthesis.Nucleolus - is the structure within the nucleus and helps in synthesis of ribosomes.Nucleopore - is the tiny hole in the nuclear membrane, allows the movement of nucleic acids and proteins in/out of the cell.

Plant Cell Function and PartsCell wall is the outermost rigid covering of the plant cell. It is a salient feature of plant cell. Cell membrane or the plasma membrane is the outer lining of the cell inside the cell wall. Cytosol or cytoplasm is the gel-like matrix inside the cell membrane which constitutes all other cell organelles.Nucleus is the control center of the cell. It is a membrane bound structure which contains the hereditary material of the cell - the DNA Chloroplast is a plastid with green pigment chlorophyll. It traps light energy and converts it to chemical energy by the process of photosynthesis.Mitochondria carries out cellular respiration and provides energy to the cells.Vacuoles are the temporary storage center of the cell.Golgi body is the unit where proteins are sorted and packed.Ribosomes are structures that assemble proteins.Endoplasmic reticulum are membrane covered organelles that transport materials.

Animal Cell

Animal vs Plant


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