Animal Farm

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Animal Farm

Author: George Orwell

Animal Farm

Andres Lu 5° LA

Napoleon represents Joseph Stalin in Animal Farm by using nine attack dogs (military force) to rise to power and maintain his power, starving the hens into cooperating with his plans (a reference to Stalin's attempt at collectivizing Russia's peasant farmers), and building and rebuilding the windmills (a reference to Stalin's Five Year Plan, both of which failed miserably).

Snowball represents Leon Trotsky, challenging Napoleon (Stalin) for control of the farm after the Rebellion. He was expelled from the farm just as Trotsky was expelled from the Soviet Union, and both were forgotten and historically altered.

Mr. Jones represents the last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, as he was expelled from the farm by the Rebellion just as Nicholas II was ousted by the Russian Revolution.

Germany is represented by Pinchfield, which is owned by Mr. Frederick (Adolf Hitler) who proves to be an untrustworthy neighbor.

Russia is represented by the Manor Farm (before the Rebellion) while the USSR is represented by the Animal Farm (after the Rebellion).


Summary One night on the Manor Farm, a farm in Willindon, old Major, a prize Middle White boar, gathers all of the animals into the big barn for a meeting. He gives a speech against Humanity, inspiring the animals to rebel from Man and to obtain freedom, describing the luxurious lives that they would have if Man was expelled. He introduces a song called Beasts of England that he had heard in his dream, and then dies three days after the meeting. During the next three months, three young pigs named Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer elaborate old Major’s teachings into a philosophy called Animalism. One night, the animals could take no more and chased Mr. Jones, the cruel owner of Manor Farm, off of the property. The next day, the pigs create the Seven Commandments and paint them on the end wall of the big barn. When Mr. Jones returned to recapture the farm, the animals were ready and again were victorious in what was to be known as the Battle of the Cowshed. Animal Farm, as it was now called, thrived for some time, but Napoleon and Snowball began to challenge each other for control of the farm. Snowball proposed an idea of building a windmill, but was then chased off the farm by nine attack dogs commanded by Napoleon. Later, Napoleon reveals that the windmill was, in fact, to be built. All of the animals devote themselves to completing it, but none more than Boxer. However, one day they see the windmill in ruins – pronounced by Napoleon to be the work of Snowball. Not long after, many animals whom were believed to be in league with Snowball were executed. Slowly, the windmill was rebuilt, only to be destroyed by Frederick and his men. Again, the windmill was slowly rebuilt. However, during the process, Boxer fell over and couldn’t get back up. The pigs said that Boxer had died in a hospital, but they actually sold Boxer to the knacker for money to buy another case of whiskey. Years passed. Few animals on the farm remembered the Rebellion. The pigs began to behave more and more like humans, sleeping in beds, waking on two legs, drinking alcohol, and carrying whips. The Seven Commandments changed to a single commandment – “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others”. “Four legs good, two legs bad” had also changed to “Four legs good, two legs better”. The pigs invite Mr. Pilkington and his men over for dinner, and Napoleon allies himself with the neighboring farmers and changes the name of the farm back to Manor Farm. Looking in from a window, the other animals could no longer tell the pigs and humans apart.

The hoof and horn on the flag of Animal Farm represents the hammer and sickle on the flag of the Soviet Union.

The Kremlin is represented by the farmhouse in Animal Farm. It was originally the home of Mr. Jones (Nicholas II), and the animals wanted to destroy it after the Rebellion. However, it was decided that it should be kept as a museum. Later, the farmhouse was inhabited by Napoleon just as Stalin decided to live in the Kremlin.

The theme in Animal Farm is that power is not shared evenly and can be corruptive.

Important Plot Events1. Mr. Jones, a cruel and often drunk man, is the owner of Manor Farm.2. The animals defeat their human masters and rename the farm Animal Farm after the Rebellion.3. Napoleon and Snowball challenge each other for power of the farm.4. Napoleon uses nine attack dogs to chase Snowball away from the farm.5. Napoleon maintains his power and the animals obey the pigs, hoping for a brighter future.6. Napoleon enslaves the common animals, changes the farm's name back to Manor Farm, forms an alliance with neighboring farms, and is now no different from the humans.

Animal Farm is told in third person omniscient. Two quotes that show this are "Curiously enough, Clover had not remembered that the Fourth Commandment mentioned sheets..." (pg. 67) and "...some animals remembered - or thought they remembered - that the Sixth Commandment decreed..." (pg. 91).

CONFLICTThe conflict in Animal Farm is external. First, the animals gain power over the farm's owner, Mr. Jones (Nicholas II). Afterwards, Napoleon (Stalin) expells Snowball (Trotsky) and rises to power, gaining complete control of Animal Farm (the USSR).


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