Animal and Plant cells

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Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Cell Biology

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Animal and Plant cells

Ribosomes are resposible for assembling the proteins for the cell. The two places that the ribosomes usually exist in is the endoplasmic reticulum and suspended in the cytosol

Ribosomes

Golgi Apparatus

The golgi apparatus is an organelle mostly found in eukaryotic cells.It packages protein in the cell before they are sent to where they should be. It is found within the cytoplasm of a plant and animal cell, the Golgi is composed of stacks of membrane- bound structures.

Lysosomes are organelles that contain digestive enzymes. They are sometimes described as the stomach of the cell. Lysosomes digest excess or worn-out organelles, food particles, and engulfed viruses or bacteria. they might be used to digest food or break down the cell when it dies.

Lysosomes

Chloroplasts

Chloroplasts work to convert light energy of the Sun into sugars that can be used by cells.The entire process is called photosynthesis which depends on the tiny green chlorophyll molecules in each chloroplasts. Chloroplasts are the food producers of the cell. They are only found in plant cells.

A vacuole is a membrane-bound organelle that is present in all plant and fungal cells and some protist animals. They are mostly enclosed compartments that are filled with water containing inorganic and organic molecules. It has no basic shape or size, its strcuture varys according to the needs of the cell.

Vacuoles

The cell walls serve the same purpose of protecting and maintaining structure. The cell wall is a very tough, flexible layer that surrounds some types of cells. It is located outside the membrane. The main function of it is to act as a pressure vessel, preventing over expansion when water enters the cell. The purpose of it is that the wall surrounds the cell membrane to protect them from viruses and to keep other organelles inside the cell or out.

The Cell Wall

Mitochondria

Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell. They are organelles that act like a digestive system that takes in nutrients, breaks them down, and creates energy molecules for the cell. They convert energy into forms that are usable by the cell. The mitochondria also have a little bit of their own DNA. They are found in the cytoplasm of nearly all eukaryotic cells.

Centrioles are found in animal cells. They replicate during the interphase stage of mitosis and meiosis. They are 2 small organelles in a animal cell. They are there to help the cell when it comes time to divide.

Centrioles

Is a series of intercellular proteins that help a cell with shape, support and movement. Most of the organelles are attached to the cytoskeleton. The cytoskeleton is a network of fibers composed of proteins contained with a cell's cytoplasm.

Cytoskeleton


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