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Social Studies

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ALL ABOUT ANGOLABy: Ankita Gola Mod 5

Political Information: Angola is a Unitary Presidential Republic. The President is the head of the government. The Executive body of the government includes the President, Vice President, and Council of Ministers. The President with majority vote in the parliamentary election automatically becomes President. This means the President is not elected by people. All Angolan citizens who are at least 18 have the right to vote.

Economic Information:Angola is a rich agricultural country with fertile soils and a favorable climate. Angola exports crops such as coffee, tobacco, oil, tea, and cotton. In 2010, the country's highest earning export was palm oil. Some natural resources found in Angola are diamonds, iron ore, manganese, copper deposits, petroleum, and many more.The Gross Domestic Product, (GDP), of Angola is about 121.7 billion USD. Angola is ranked 60 in the world for its GDP.Angola is highly industrialized. Angola has a petroleum industry. The main products of the industry are fuel oil and gasoline. Oil production contributes about 45% of the nation's GDP. Angola also has a mining industry which produces their main mineral, diamond.

Historical Information:In 1482, the Portugese arrived in Angola. They began trading and in 1557, they established a colony. Portugal took over the area that is Angola today. The Portugese were interested in slave trade. This resulted in Angola becoming one of the largest slave suppliers in Africa. In the 1960s, Angolans were noticing something. There was much prejudice and not a ton of improvment in the nation. Three main groups were formed: The MPLA, the FNLA, and the UNITA which fought for independence. On November 11, 1975 Angola gained its independence. Angola is still a country torn by civil war and conflict.

Geographical Information:Angola's climate is semiarid in the South. In the North, from May to October, it is cool and dry. From November to April, it is hot and rainy. Angola's lowest point is the Atlantic Ocean which is 0 m. The highest point is Morro de Moco, the highest mountain in Angola, which is 2,620 m.Some natural hazards that occur in Angola are very heavy rainfall and floods. Many floods occur because Angola is near the ocean and receives heavy rain.Some current environmental issues in Angola are soil erosion, desertification, deforestation of tropical rainforest, and water pollution. Angola is continuing to rebuild its country after the end of the 27-year civil war in 2002.

Miradouro da Lua

Angola on a Map

Social Information:The Literacy Rate of males in Angola is about 82.6%. The Literacy Rate of females in Angola is about 58.6%. In Angola, the main language is Portugese but some people speak Bantu or other African languages.The Life Expectany rate in Angola for males is about 54 years. The Life Expectany rate in Angola for females is about 56 years.

Values/BeliefsAngola's population mostly consists of Christians. About 1/6 of the population is Protestant, about 3/5 of the population is Roman Catholic, and the remainder practice traditional beliefs or have other religions. People in Angola also celebrate Easter and Christmas like us.

Daily Lives(Comparing Youths)Here in the U.S., kids play many sports such as soccer, basketball softball, baseball, tennis, lacrosse, football, hockey, and many more. In Angola, kids play football and even do some acrobatics. Here in the U.S., kids listen and dance to many types of music such as pop, hip-hop, rock, and many others. In Angola, kids listen and dance to three main types of music, Semba, Kizomba, and Kuduro. These types of music are mainly played with guitars and drums.Food is common between us and Angola. In Angola, kids eat many stews like some of us in the U.S. We have similar stews like bean and chicken stews. Lastly, kids in the U.S. do many arts and crafts like sewing, drawing, painting, and even pottery. In Angola, kids also do pottery and even sculpture. They also paint. The picture on the left shows Angolan pottery and American pottery. Can you tell which one is from Angola?

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