Andersonville Prinson Of The Civil War

by USHistoryI
Last updated 1 year ago

Social Studies
American History

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Andersonville Prinson Of The Civil War

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Andersonville Prison of the Civil War

Andersonville Prison Background: Andersonville didn't start during the Civil War. its roots can be traced as far back as the French Revolutionary Wars. Andersonville is located in Sumter County, Georgia. It is about 60 mile southwest of Macon.

Captain W.S. Winder selected the site of Andersonville for a new military prison of 16.5 acres and construction began. The prison was later expanded to 26 acres due to the overcrowding of prisoners. Despite their slight effort of expanding the prison for more room, it was still overflowing with prisoners.

About 13,000 Union soldiers died within the camp during the first couple years from: -malnutrition -exposure to the elements (nature) and -disease

THE EXCHANGE OF POWs(Prisoners of War)

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During the Civil War, Union and Confederates exchanged POWs (Prisoners of War) under the Dix-Hill Cartel agreement that was drafted on July 22, 1862 which makes the Union and Confederate’s government handle the general exchange of POWs. But eventually, the federal authorities quarreled and the agreement ended in the summer of 1863. This caused an increased number of prisoners which overcrowded the camps. One of the worst cases of this scenario was Andersonville Prison. Their aggravated number of captive war prisoners made living conditions within the camps more sever and harsh. Their food was scarce, everything was unsanitary, and. Most soldiers inside the camp died of disease and starvation due to unsanitary conditions and scarce food/supplies.



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