by endlesshorizons
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Slavery in ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome was a very big deal. There were many slaves and they did a lot of work. Even though slavery was considered a horrible thing, it helped out the rich people in the ancient times. In Egypt, they helped out with the royal families, and in Greece, they were forced into slavery to help out with the richer families, along with Rome. The slaves did most of the work, by doing all of the housework, yard work and taking care of everyone’s needs.

In Egypt, slaves did a lot of work. They would do all the work for their owners, and lived by their commands. Most slaves were sold into slavery because of debts. Or sold themselves to escape poverty; they did not lose all their civil rights. Slaves had many different jobs in Egypt, ranging from lowly laborers to government administrators. Some slaves worked and helped out with the royal families, doing all of their hard work, who were generally the lucky ones since their lives were often less hard. They did everything the owner would not want to do, so that their lives were much easier. Also, of they did a good deed for their master, they could be freed. They would help people out in many ways.

In Greece, slavery was a huge deal. When slaves where just children in Greece, they were sold into slavery, sometimes by their parents. They were often free slaves. They helped with the richer families, and did all of the work; they did all the house work and everything else they were told to do. It was tough and hard, and they were owned by other people in Greece, who they worked for. But if you were a skilled slave, you were often freed when you got to old to work. Slavery was so big in Ancient Greece, that about a third of ancient Greek citizens were slaves.

Just like in Egypt and Greece, slavery was a big deal in Rome. They got most of their slaves by warfare, as a reward for winning a war. They had many slaves, and it was estimated that over twenty five percent of the population were enslaved. Slaves her had little rights, like not being able to get married, they also were the property of their owner. The good thing was, if the slaves did a good deed for their master, they could be freed. Also, if they had money, they could buy themselves out. Also, the educated and experienced slaves were freed the most often. It was hard being a slave here, since you had to do so much work but might not be freed unless you were educated, which was rare.

Slavery was a big part of ancient times, and was used a big deal. Even though it was hurting others, like the slaves, who did all of the work. In ancient times, they had to work for people they were forced to work for and they were owned by them. People were doing things they were forced into. It is good that slavery isn’t used today because it is cruel and is not right; it is treating people with disrespect. Slavery was used a long time ago but Is not used today because it is not right to force someone to do hard work for you and own them.

Women in Ancient Greece, Egypt, and RomeWomen in Ancient Greece, Egypt and Rome had a serious roll in the civilizations, even though they rarely had even a small chance to actually take part in decisions, with the exception of Egyptian women. Greek and Roman women were seen as hardly anything more than mothers and house wives. Meanwhile Egypt had another view of things. They didn’t judge by as much by gender, though women pharaohs weren’t too common. The women still took care of the care of the children and mothers were very important. Basically they were similar when it comes to what women did. They all took a major role in taking care of the home, children, and family; they were also similar when it came to marriage. The reason for this in Egypt was that birth is a major part of their lives. In Rome, the women took care of the home all the time. In Greece it was similar to Rome, but when a woman married, her husband’s mother ruled the household. All these make women in the three civilizations similar. In Egypt, birth was a major part of life. A pregnant woman was looked up to by her sisters and friends. She would name her baby right after birth, in case something happened to it, and so it would have a name in the afterlife. Marriage was also an interesting thing. There was no word for marriage, and no ceremony, a woman was married when she moved in with her husband. There was no age limit. Girls mainly got married for the first time when they were around 14. Women in Egypt had more freedom, but still took care of the home. One of these freedoms was the ability of bringing up a lawsuit against anyone in court. They were basically treated equally as men. They were basically like women today. Egyptians really found birth important. In Rome, the women took care of the home all the time. They were expected to stay home and raise the kids. They hardly ever had any real independence. They couldn’t be in any of the sections of government. These are the different kinds: councils (2 men who had to both agree to decide anything), the Assembly (A group of men who worked together and took votes to decide things), tribunes (Men who had the power to deny the Assembly’s agreements, they spoke for the poor people), the senate (Men who came up with ideas, that got voted on by the councils and tribune), and Emperors (These came later then the others, they had the powers of tribunes for life). Women slaves actually were common, and had a lot of roles, like ladies’ maids, farmers, and even gladiators. Women received little education, if any. They would be whatever social class that their husband o father was. After the first emperor, Emperor Augustus, women with three or more children would become independent. But they had to still take care of those kids, and still would need their husband. They took care of the home all the time. In Greece it was similar to Rome, but when a woman married, her husband’s mother ruled the household. Women got married at a young age to much older men. They then moved in to his house, where his mother would be in charge. Spartan women had the most active lives of all Greek women. The girls stayed home with their mothers, but still learned to be tough. They wanted the women to be tough so that they had tougher sons, who would be more useful in battle. Women from other polises such as Athens, would have thought the Spartan women’s lives strange. By law the Athenian women could not own land. They could not vote or be in the government, either. Women could by groceries, but needed the approval of a man to do anything more. They could also own a slave, clothing, furniture, and jewelry, and could use them, but they couldn’t sell them. The man's mother ruled the household. In conclusion, women from Ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome all took a major role in taking care of the home, children, and family. They all were expected to raise healthy children. They all had to help clean the home. And they all had to keep an eye on the family. This is all important, because the traits of these three civilizations helped shape the world today. If women in Greece and Rome were treated as equals women would have more likely been treated equally in early America, and then there would not be as many sexist people. But if the women in Rome had been treated differently, then maybe women would not have ever had rights. Women were very important in the government in Ancient Rome, Egypt, and Greece.


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