Ancient Rome Timeline

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by annie2016sa
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Ancient History
Grade:
6

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Ancient Rome Timeline

The AeneidThe Aeneid is a poem written by the poet Virgil. It's the story of the Roman hero Aeneas. Aeneas united the Trojans, some of Latins, and local people through warfare. He also married the local kings daughter. Because of this he is known as the father of Rome.

494 b.c - 287 b.c

1000 b.c

264 b.c. - 241 b.c.

The First Punic WarThe First Punic War began when Carthage and Rome both wanted control of Sicily. Carthage was founded by Pheonicians. It is called the Punic War because Punicus means Pheonician in Latin. Rome sent armies to Sicily to stop Carthage from gaining control but, Carthage was determined to stop the attack. Rome built a navy to attack Carthage from the water. After 20 years of fighting, Rome gained control of Sicily and won the First Punic War.

Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome

Aeneas in the Aenead

100 b.c. - 82 b.c.

Rome's Location and GeographyRome is located in Italy. The geography of Italy is very similar to the geography in Greece. Although, the mountains in Greece are a bit more rugged than the mountains in Italy, the Apennines. Unlike the Greeks, the people that setteled in Italy were not split up into individual isolated groups. Italy also had better farmland than Greece. As a result, many people wanted to settle in Italy. Historians don't know much about the first people to settle in Italy. They do know that Latin-speaking people were attracted by the climate and rich soil. These people built the city of Rome on the plain of Latium. The people who lived in Rome bacame called Romans.

Julius Caesar

Ancient Rome Timeline

The First Punic War

1000 b.c.

1500 b.c.

Julius Caesar After Sulla, leaders battled for power. Crassus, Pompey, and Julius Caesar made up the First Triumvirate. Each of these three men were assigned an area. Pompey - Spain, Crassus - Syria, and Ceasar - Gaul or modern day France. Crassus was killed in battle and the Senate decided that Pompey should go back to Italy and rule by himself. The Senate also ordered Caesar to give up his power and his army. Caesar disobeyed this order. He went to Italy by crossing the Rubicon with his 5,000 loyal soldiers. If you crossed the Rubicon with your army then you were declaring war on Rome. Ceasar declared himself dictator for life. Caesar began to fill the Senate with the people who were loyal to him to strengthen his power. He also granted people in Rome's territories citizenship. He gave land to the people who didn't have any and created jobs for the people that were jobless. He also made landowners hire more free workers. All of these things made Caesar very popular with the poor. He created the 12 month, 365 day, and leap year calendar. Those who supported him believed he was a leader who brought peace and order to Rome. Others who were against him thought he wanted to be king. These people planned to kill him. Lead by Brutus and Cassius, they succeeded. On March 15, 44 b.c. Caesar's enemies stabbed him to death.

Trouble in the RepublicPeople in Rome that farmed on small farms, were beginning to suffer from poverty and debt. Some were fightning in Rome's wars, while others suffered damage from Hannibals attack. Small farms just couldn't compete with the latifundia. These farms were tended by enslaved people. As a result, they were able to produce cheap crops and drive small farms out of business. Politicians began providing cheap food and entertainment to win the votes of the poor. Tibberius and Gaius Gracchus tried to fix the problems in Rome. They believed the problems were caused by the loss of small farms. These brothers ended up asking the Senate to take land from the rich and give it to the poor. The problem with doing this was that most of the Senators were rich. These Senators killed Tiberius and twelve years later they killed Gaius. For almost all of Rome's history the army mainly stayed out of polotics. A general named Marius changed this when he became consul. Before most soldiers were owners of small farms. Since there weren't many, if any, small farms left, Marius began recruiting from the poor. Marius paid them wages and promised them land in return for service. He made the people in the army paid professionals instead of citizen volunteers. These new troops were loyal to their general instead of the Roman Republic. The generals main goal was to get laws passed that would give soldiers the land they were promised. Another general named Sulla challenged Marius for power. Sulla drove his enemies out of Rome and declared himself dictator for life. Sulla changed the government greatly over the next three years. He gave more power to the Senate and weakened the power of the Council of Plebs. For the next 50 years Rome was in an era of civil wars. Other men saw how Sulla used his army to rule with complete power and decided to follow in the same path.

60 b.c. - 44 b.c.

1500 b.c.

Plebeians v. PatriciansThe plebeians were the people who made up most of Rome. This group consisted of artisans, shopkeepers, and owners of small farms. Patricians were rich landowners. The plebeians didn't have much power in government because they didn't have much money. They began to want more power. They contributed in the army and payed taxes, they believed they should be included. This ended up leading to a strike. The patricians were scared by this and gave into the plebeians. The patricians allowed the plebeians to have their own council, the Council of the Plebs. After a while the Council of Plebs was granted the ability to pass laws.


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