Ancient Rome

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by RRMax
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Ancient History

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Ancient Rome

Augustus (Full name: Imperator Gaius Julius Divi Filius Caesar Octavianus Augustus) was the founder of the Roman Empire and its first Emperor, ruling from 27 BC until his death in 14 AD. Together with Mark Antony and Marcus Lepidus, he formed the Second Triumvirate to defeat the assassins of Caesar. Following their victory at Phillipi, the Triumvirate divided the Roman Republic among themselves and ruled as military dictators. The Triumvirate was eventually torn apart under the competing ambitions of its members: Lepidus was driven into exile and stripped of his position, and Antony committed suicide following his defeat at the Battle of Actium by Augustus in 31 BC. And after that he became the sole ruler.He secured the Empire with a buffer region of client states, and made peace with the Parthian Empire through diplomacy. He reformed the Roman system of taxation, developed networks of roads with an official courier system, established a standing army, established the Praetorian Guard, created official police and fire-fighting services for Rome, and rebuilt much of the city during his reign.

Ancient Rome - one of the leading civilizations of the ancient world. It was an Italic civilization that began on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC. Located along the Mediterranean Sea and centered on the city of Rome, it expanded to become one of the largest empires in the ancient world with an estimated 50 to 90 million inhabitants and and an area of ​​6.5 million square kilometers during its elevation between the first and second centuries AD.

Rome and the territory under its control: Brown - The Roman Republic Purple - The Roman EmpireBlue - The Western Roman Empire Green - TheEastern Roman Empire

Ancient Rome has created the Roman law. Christianity as a religion, was born on the territory of the Roman Empire. The official language of the Roman state was Latin. Religion for most of the period of existence was polytheistic. The emblem of the empire was the Golden Eagle (aquila), after the adoption of Christianity appeared Labarum (banner set by the Emperor Constantine for his troops).

Ancient Rome

The Forum was the main marketplace and business center. Then later, he included the comitia (place of the People), the Curia (the seat of the Senate), and also acquired a political function.

Roman soldier uniforms

Gaius Julius Caesar -(July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC).He was a Roman general, statesman, Consul, and notable author of Latin prose. He played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. In 60 BC, Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey formed a political alliance that was to dominate Roman politics for several years. Their attempts to amass power through populist tactics were opposed by the conservative ruling class within the Roman Senate, among them Cato the Younger with the frequent support of Cicero. Caesar's conquest of Gaul, completed by 51 BC, extended Rome's territory to the English Channel and the Rhine. Caesar became the first Roman general to cross both when he built a bridge across the Rhine and conducted the first invasion of Britain.He was eventually proclaimed "dictator in perpetuity". But the underlying political conflicts had not been resolved, and on the Ides of March (15 March) 44 BC, Caesar was assassinated by a group of senators led by Marcus Junius Brutus. Caesar's adopted heir Octavian, later known as Augustus, rose to sole power, and the era of the Roman Empire began.

The Colosseum or Coliseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy. Built of concrete and stone, it was the largest amphitheatre of the Roman Empire, and is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering. It is the largest amphitheatre in the world.

Why did Rome fall?Because, like all great empires, the center of the Roman Empire weakened, leading to numerous internecine wars in the outskirts of the empire, and eventually it led to a crisis of centralized authority. Therefore tribes Goths, Huns and Germans are no big deal to win the Eternal City ...


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