Ancient India Part 3

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by cinac20
Last updated 5 years ago

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Ancient India Part 3

Ancient Indian Religions

Ancient Buddhism

Ancient Hinduism

Hinduism doesn’t originate from a single founder, book or time, but the earliest records of Hindu gods, goddesses and Hindu beliefs were written down in epics and myths around the fourth century A.D. However, the religion was already a strong oral tradition, so there was not much evidence of their unique beliefs. Hinduism is a monotheistic religion. They believe that God manifests Himself or Herself in several forms. The gods were thought as manifestations of one goddess as well. The religion used a class structure that is determined by birth. This structure that they used was called a caste system. It means that in some societies, if your parents are poor, you're going to be poor, too. Same goes for being rich. The gods and goddesses were always at the top of the caste system above everyone else. Gods and goddesses are also known as deities. Hinduism believe in many deities and they have different places and ways to worship them. Karma is a Hindu belief that someone's actions in their life will determine their fate in their next life. Dharma is the power that keeps the world going. It keeps the trees blooming, the grass growing and the birds singing humans have to take part in keeping the world running nicely.

In Buddhism they believed after you die you would be reborn in a different form. Buddha was born as a prince named Siddhartha. He was eventually given the name Buddha which means enlightened. When he was born many people were looking for the answers for suffering. A fortune teller said he would be an amazing emperor but he couldn't see any of the four things, a sick man, an old man, a dead man, and a monk. His dad ruled a small kingdom in India around current day Nepal. His dad vowed he would live luxuriously, he also grew up kind and generous. When he got married and had kids he questioned luxury and went to the park where he saw a monk and became a wandering holy man like the fortune teller said. He went searching for a solution for suffering and went on a strict fast for 6 years, after this he was weak and almost dying and he thought to adopt “The Middle Way” where he didn’t eat luxurious nor not enough or bad food. Afe became a teacher and gave the knowledge he found to a group of monks, he mostly taught the three universal truths, the four, noble truths, and the eightfold path.

The Caste System



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