Ancient India Part 2

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by cinac20
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Ancient History
Grade:
7

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Ancient India Part 2

Ancient India

Ancient Indus River Valley Civilization

Ancient Indian Daily Life

In 2600 B.C.E many ancient Indians developed civilizations on the banks of the Indus river. Some early settlements included the Indus-Sarasvati civilization and the ancient city, Mohenjo Daro. Around 50,000 people lived there and they had an advanced culture for their time. They developed a writing system that they used for several hundred years, the cities were built out of stone and brick and were well-organized, and their drainage systems, wells and water systems were the most sophisticated in the ancient world. Early farmers harvested lots of wheat grains because of the rich and fertile soil, and the rivers provided plenty of water that could be used for trade and travel.

The ancient Indians lived in houses with one or two stories made of brick and each house looked identical. Men and women wore colorful robes and women wore lots of gold jewelry and accessories. They enjoyed dancing and playing games like chess. Children played with toys like whistles, small carts, and toy monkeys that slid down a string. There were no mummies, emperors or violent wars in their territory because they were very peaceful people and they did not cause trouble or believe in sacrificing yourself or things to the gods. Although they lived in a very advanced civilization, they lived simple and peaceful lives.

ARYAN INVASION

Aryan social classes

There are many theories and disagreements about the ancient Indian invasion, but the most common theory is the invasion of the Aryans. Around 1500 B.C.E. an Indo-European tribe called the Aryans, invaded, overthrew and conquered the Ancient Indus Valley civilizations with chariots, iron weapons, and superior battle strategies. The Aryans came from Central Asia. They were a cattle-breeding society, so they could transition from one place to a next and live as settled agriculturists with the rest of the people of the ancient Indus River Valley. The Aryans mixed some of their culture with the former civilization settled on the valley, and they formed their own, Vedic culture.

There were three different social classes in the ancient Indus River Valley under the Aryans. There was the highest social class, the priests, then the warriors, and then the peasants/traders. The non-Aryan laborers or craftsmen formed the bottom of the social class pyramid, the shudras. Later, the Aryans got closer to the shudras but they still had to do the jobs that the rest of the civilization didn’t want to do.

Ancient India Part 3


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