Ancient Greece

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Ancient Greece



Ancient Greece

Athenian and Spartan life

Athenian life A girl living in Athen would have a life much like a slave. The Athenian life of a girl is poor. The poor woman or girls would work outside in poor conditions. They had few rights in life. They had different roles. These roles were based on the city-states. A Greek family was usually a husband a wife and some kids. The more wealthy woman or girls would stay home and work at home. The Athenian woman would get married at 18 and have children. The Spartan women just like the Athenian women would be cast into different city-states. Most Greek home would have the wives stay home and work. Most Spartan woman had much freedom and had many rights. They both would sew they own cloth and clothes. Spartan women were more fit and they trained more physically. The Greek city-states thought that the Spartan customs were different and strange. The Athenian and Spartan have many differences and similarities.

Athenian government was ruled by an Oligarchy but then changed to become a democracy. A Oligarchy is where one person or ruler was in charge of everything. The ruler was in charge of important decisions. The Oligarchy would most likely be the head of everything at a assembly. After some time the Athenian’s all became part of the democracy. Most males had some say in the big decisions. The main part of Athen was assembly which gave rights to all male citizens. Sparta was ruled by two kings. These two kings were military leaders. The kings headed Sparta’s governing body, the council of elders. The Spartan assembly had no where close to the assembly the Athenian’s had. However Spartan assembly had one important power. It elected five ephors who had to manage the day to day life of the Spartan’s. The spartan’s defeated the Messenians and made them their helots. The helots belonged to separate spartan’s. These helots were to farm and turn over half the food they raised to the Spartan’s. The helots farmed so much food they supported the Spartan’s. This was great for the Spartan’s because this meant they could have more time to train for the wars.

Map of Greece

Landforms in Greece are the Crete and Evia. They are large islands in Greece. These landforms are important for battle training and wars. The largest peninsula is the Peloponnesian peninsula. About 2000 B.C Greek people entered these lands from the north. Mainland Greece is is broken into mountain ranges. In between these mountains lay valleys and some small plains. Greece is a big peninsula with three sea’s surrounding it. The sea’s are the Mediterranean sea, the Ionian sea and the Aegean sea. These sea’s were the surrounding sea’s. The Axios River is a river that flows into the Aegean sea. This river also flows through the mountains so it collects soil and water from there as well. The Pinios River is another river that flows to the Aegean sea. This river also flows through the mountains and collects soil and water for the Aegean sea. Then there is Athen right on the sea. The Athenian's were great warriors on water, but on land they were not superior. The Spartans were superior on land, but on water not so much. The Athenian’s could train and train and train on water but not so much on land. It was the complete opposite for the Spartans. They would have to travel a long distance for water training.


Spartan soldier


Karpiel, Frank, Kathleen Krull, and Grant P. Wiggins. My World History. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson, 2012. Print.


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