Ancient Greece Major Events

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by nagywia20
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Social Studies
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Ancient Greece Major Events

-Mountians, seas and islands isolated people and created indpendence.-Trade was diffulcult on land.-Water was easier but dangerous.-Greeks sailed only durring the day.-People relied on trade to get their needs.-Olives and grapes were the #1 product of trade.-Mountians made farming hard.-Olives and grapes grew on rocky soil.-Farmland shortage led to war and colonization.-Only 1/10 of Ancient Greek land was good for farming.

Ancient Greece

The MinoansThe Minoans were a civilation on the island of Crete. Their capital was Knossos. They were very wealthy. They made their wealth from trade. They made ships and sailed as far as Egypt and Syria.They traded potery and stone vases for ivory and metals.


Athens and Sparta, both powerful Greek city-states, had fought as allies in the Greco-Persian Wars between 499 and 449 B.C. In the wake of the Persian retreat, however, Athens grew more powerful and tensions rose, escalating into nearly three decades of war. Sparta emerged victorious, while the constant fighting left Athens bankrupt, exhausted and demoralized. Neither city-state regained the military strength they once had.

Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age-

In the first stage of the war between Persia and Greece the Persian armies were led by king Darius I (550-486 B. C.). The Persians lost to the Athenians and their Greek allies. In the famous land battle of Marathon in 490 B.C. the Persians were defeated by the Athenians and the Plataeans. News of the victory was delivered by a messenger who ran the 26 miles from Marathon to Athens, and who died afterwards. This is the origin of the modern Olympic event of the marathon.The second stage of the war saw the Persians arrive on the Greek shore with perhaps as many as 2,000,000 men, between their army and navy, under the command of king Xeres I (519-465 B.C.), son of the deceased Darius I. An advance party of only 5,000 Greeks, including Spartans, Phocians and Locrians, under the command of one of the Spartan kings, Leonidas (a descendent of Hercules), held off the advancing Persian forces at the narrow pass between the cliffs and the sea at Thermopylae (the famous "Pass of Thermopylae"). They were eventually defeated after the Persian soldiers were shown a secret mountain way around the pass, although every last Spartan fought until he was killed. However, the in naval battle at Salamis in 480 B.C., which was masterminded by the Athenian general Themistocles, the Athenian navy defeated the Persian navy. Then, in the land battle at Plataea in 479 B.C., the Spartan-led army defeated the Persian army. The Persians were driven from Greece. In so far as Athens had masterminded the naval victory of Salamis, which was the decisive victory in the war.

The Persian War


Macedonian king Alexander the Great (356-323 B.C.) was born to parents King Philip II and Queen Olympia. Tutored by Aristotle, the prince took charge of the Companion Cavalry at age 18 and aided Philip in defeating the Athenian and Theban armies at Chaeronea. After the death of his father, Alexander garnered the support of the Macedonian Army and eliminated his enemies to become king and leader of the Corinthian League. Alexander went on to conquer Persia and Egypt, his kingdom ranging from the Mediterranean to the border of India. Just 32 when he died from malaria, he is regarded as one of history’s brilliant military leaders and most powerful rulers.

Sorces"Peloponnesian War." A'E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014. ."THE PERSIAN WAR." THE PERSIAN WAR. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2014.

Alexanders Empire

City States

Effects of Greece's Geography

Ancient Greece



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